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Table 2 Mean and standard deviations of direct (DS) and standard scores (T, SS: scaled scores and Z). Mann-Whitney U means-standard scores comparisons for the statistically significant applied tests between medulloblastoma group (at 6.47 years from surgery + with treatments) and astrocytoma group (at 3.25 years from surgery, without treatments) with the control group, respectively.

From: Differential prefrontal-like deficit in children after cerebellar astrocytoma and medulloblastoma tumor

  Control C group N = 12 CE group Astrocytoma N = 13 CE+ group Medulloblastoma N = 7
IQ and Executive Tests M ± SD Direct Scores (DS) and corrected by age T, Z and scaled score (SS) M ± SD Mann-Whitney U M ± SD Mann-Whitney U
RAVEN IQ DS = 101.58 ± 10.35 T = 51.25 ± 6.91 DS = 93 ± 16.8 T = 45.38 ± 11.32 n.s. DS = 85.85 ± 14.06 T = 40.71 ± 9.34 U = 14.5, p = 0.017
WCST    
Errors DS = 36.83 ± 21.61 T = 48.5 ± 9.88 DS = 42.16 ± 20.16 T = 45.58 ± 8.34 n.s. DS = 54.28 ± 16.01 T = 38.85 ± 7 U = 19, p = 0.056 n.s.
Perseverative Responses DS = 27.66 ± 26.21 T = 46.16 ± 12.82 DS = 27.58 ± 20.04 T = 45.75 ± 10.46 n.s. DS = 42 ± 23.07 T = 34.42 ± 10.81 U = 16, p = 0.028
Perseverative Errors DS = 22.91 ± 19.97 T = 46.75 ± 12.60 DS = 23.83 ± 16.85 T = 45.66 ± 10.72 n.s. DS = 33.85 ± 16.84 T = 35 ± 10.59 U = 16, p = 0.028
REY COPY    
Exactness DS = 33.37 ± 3.34 Z = 0.662 ± 0.70 DS = 33.38 ± 4.01 Z = 0.764 ± 0.38 n.s. DS = 27.28 ± 9.17 Z = -1.623 ± 2.71 U = 16, p = 0.028
DIGITS (WISC-R)    
Verbal Digits span DS = 15.42 ± 2.63 SS = 9 ± 2.3 DS = 9.23 ± 3.08 SS = 5.46 ± 1.98 U = 10.5, p = 0.003 DS = 8.57 ± 4.72 SS = 5.42 ± 2.5 U = 6.5, p = 0.017
VERBAL FLUENCY    
Phonologic Fluency DS = 12.41 ± 4.05 SS = 11.66 ± 3.6 DS = 9.76 ± 3.85 SS = 9.3 ± 3.11 U = 44.5, p = 0.06 DS = 10.42 ± 4.35 SS = 8 ± 3 U = 15, p = 0.022
Semantic Fluency DS = 18.41 ± 3.28 SS = 11 ± 2.55 DS = 15.23 ± 4.91 SS = 8.38 ± 3.33 U = 37, p = 0.026 DS = 11.28 ± 4.27 SS = 4.57 ± 2.76 U = 3, p < 0.0001
STROOP    
Word Reading DS = 116.50 ± 6.96 T = 54.50 ± 3.39 DS = 90.69 ± 21.11 T = 41.07 ± 10.52 U = 11, p = 0.000 DS = 75.33 ± 14.19 T = 33.5 ± 7.09 U = 0, p < 0.0001
Colour Naming DS = 82.66 ± 6.38 T = 51.58 ± 4.46 DS = 65.69 ± 14.11 T = 40.23 ± 9.40 U = 20.5, p = 0.001 DS = 54.83 ± 767 T = 32.83 ± 5.38 U = 0, p < 0.0001
Incongruent Condition DS = 48.25 ± 5.44 T = 53.25 ± 5.44 DS = 39.15 ± 10.87 T = 44.15 ± 10.87 U = 41, p = 0.046 DS = 31.33 ± 5.46 T = 36.33 ± 5.46 U = 0, p < 0.000 1