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Table 3 Results related to vermis and hemisphere tumor location. Mean and standard deviations of direct (DS) and standard scores (T and scaled scores: SS). Mann-Whitney U means-standard scores comparisons for the statistically significant applied tests between vermal astrocytoma, hemisphere astrocytoma and vermal medulloblastoma groups with the control group, respectively.

From: Differential prefrontal-like deficit in children after cerebellar astrocytoma and medulloblastoma tumor

Direct Scores (DS) and corrected by age T and scaled scores (SS) CONTROL GROUP N = 11 Mean ± SD ASTROCYTOMA VERMIS N = 5 Mean ± SD and Mann-Whitney U ASTROCYTOMA HEMISPHERE N = 8 Mean ± SD and Mann-Whitney U MEDULLOBLASTOMA VERMIS N = 5 Mean ± SD and Mann-Whitney U
Raven-IQ DS = 101.58 ± 10.35
T = 51.25 ± 6.91
DS = 85.40 ± 10.11
T = 40.2 ± 7
U = 6.5, p = 0.009
DS = 97.75 ± 18.94
T = 48.62 ± 12.67
n.s.
DS = 82 ± 15.11
T = 38.2 ± 10
U = 7.5, p = 0.014
WCST Perseverat. Errors DS = 22.91 ± 19.97
T = 46.75 ± 12.6
DS = 25.6 ± 26.29
T = 48 ± 16.35
n.s.
DS = 22.57 ± 7.43
T = 44 ± 4.96
n.s.
DS = 37.6 ± 19.08
T = 32.4 ± 11.78
U = 10.5, p = 0.037
Stroop-Word DS = 116.5 ± 6.96
T = 54.5 ± 3.39
DS = 92.20 ± 21.34
T = 41.8 ± 10.68
U = 13.39, p = 0.003
DS = 89.75 ± 22.39
T = 40.62 ± 11.13
U = 8.5, p = 0.001
DS = 71.5 ± 16.13
T = 31.75 ± 8.09
U = 0, p = 0.001
Stroop-Colour DS = 82.66 ± 6.38
T = 51.58 ± 4.46
DS = 67.40 ± 18.16
T = 41.4 ± 12.32
n.s.
DS = 64.62 ± 12.23
T = 39.5 ± 7.96
U = 6, p < 0.0001
DS = 50.5 ± 4.79
T = 29.75 ± 3
U = 0, p = 0.001
Stroop-Incongruent DS = 48.25 ± 5.44
T = 53.25 ± 5.44
DS = 39 ± 13.11
T = 44 ± 13.11
n.s.
DS = 39.25 ± 10.22
T = 44.25 ± 10.22
p = 0.057, n.s.
DS = 28.5 ± 4.2
T = 33.5 ± 4.2
U = 0, p = 0.001
Digits span WISC-R verbal scale DS = 15.42 ± 2.63
SS = 9 ± 2.3
DS = 8.2 ± 1.3
SS = 4.4 ± 2.3
U = 1.5, p = 0.005
DS = 9.87 ± 3.75
SS = 6.12 ± 1.55
U = 9, p = 0.029
DS = 8 ± 5.6
SS = 5.2 ± 2.94
U = 5, p = 0.048
Phonologic Fluency DS = 12.41 ± 4.05
SS = 11.66 ± 3.6
DS = 8.40 ± 4.03
SS = 8 ± 2.91
U = 11.5, p = 0.048
DS = 10.62 ± 3.73
SS = 10.12 ± 3.13
n.s.
DS = 8.8 ± 4.08
SS = 6.6 ± 2.19
U = 5.5, p = 0.006
Semantic Fluency DS = 18.41 ± 3.28
SS = 11 ± 2.55
DS = 12.60 ± 3.04
SS = 6.4 ± 2.4
U = 3.5, p = 0.002
DS = 16.87 ± 5.30
SS = 9.62 ± 3.33
n.s.
DS = 11.4 ± 3.84
SS = 4.4 ± 1.81
U = 0, p < 0.0001