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Table 1 Abbreviations and functional descriptions of anatomical areas

From: Sensorimotor cortex as a critical component of an 'extended' mirror neuron system: Does it solve the development, correspondence, and control problems in mirroring?

Abbreviation Name Function
AIP Anterior intraparietal visually guided grasping; comparable to monkey area F5
BA44 Brodmann's area 44 Broca's area; language production
BA46 Brodmann's area 46 rostral portion of the IFG; sustained attention and working memory
F2 Monkey area F2 integrates body position and motor acts
bF4 Monkey area F4 codes for peripersonal space; caudal part of PMv
F5 Monkey area F5 codes for distal movements; rostral part of PMv
F6 Monkey area F6 pre-SMA; learning of new motor sequences
IFG Inferior frontal gyrus action observation and imitation
Insula Insular cortex body representation and subjective emotional experience
IP Intraparietal sulcus guidance of limb and eye movement
IPL Inferior parietal lobule post-central sulcus/anterior border, intraparietal sulcus/superior border, and the lateral fissure/anterior inferior border.
IT Inferotemporal cortex identification and categorization of objects
M1 Primary motor cortex patterns of muscle activation
MTG Middle temporal gyrus subserves language and semantic memory processing, visual perception, and multimodal sensory integration
PF Parietal frontal rostral convexity of IPL
PMd Dorsal premotor simultaneous encoding of multiple movement
PMv Ventral premotor monkey area F5; analogous to BA 44; pars opercularis of IFG
S1 Primary somatosensory kinematics
S2 Secondary somatosensory integrating across body parts; frontoparietal operculum and lateral convexity of IPL
SMA Supplementary motor planning motor actions
SMG Supramarginal gyrus spatial orientation and semantic representation
STS Superior temporal sulcus visual information entry area
VIP Ventral intraparietal comparable to monkey area F4