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Table 1 Soft signs deviations; differences between groups including and excluding BP-NOS

From: Motor function may differentiate attention deficit hyperactivity disorder from early onset bipolar disorder

Mean soft sign deviations below the 15th percentile# A;n = 26 n (%) AB;n = 15 n (%) B;n = 23 n (%) ABx;n = 5 n (%) Bx;n = 16 n (%) A vs B [A vs Bx] test value, p # AB vs B [ABx vs Bx] test value, p # A vs AB [A vs ABx] test value, p #
Total 22 (85%) 11 (73%) 4 (17%) 5 (100%) 3 (19%) 19.53*** [17.84***] 9.67*** [7.50***] n.s. [n.s.]
Jump one leg 16 (62%) 6 (40%) 5 (22%) 0 (0%) 3 (19%) 6.35** [5.70** ] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [Fisher** ]
Fingertip touch 5 (19%) 2 (13%) 3 (13%) 1 (20%) 2 (13%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Oculomotor 8 (31%) 2 (13%) 1 (4%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) Fisher ** [Fisher**] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Arms forward 5 (19%) 4 (27%) 1 (4%) 1 (20% 0 (0%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Walk heel-toe 7 (27%) 6 (40%) 4 (17%) 2 (40%) 2 (13%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Speech 5 (19%) 3 (20%) 2 (9%) 1 (20%) 1 (6%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Stand one leg 14 (54%) 7 (47%) 7 (30%) 3 (20%) 4 (25%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Diadochokinesis 12 (46%) 5 (33%) 4 (17%) 1 (20%) 4 (25%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Cutting circle 3 (13%) 4 27%) 1 (4%) 1 (20%) 1 (6%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Fog's test 14 (54%) 7 (46%) 7 (30%) 3 (60%) 6 (38%) n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
Finger opposition 22 (85%) 12 (80%) 8 (35%) 3 (60%) 7 (45%) 10.75*** [5.95**] 5.74** [n.s.] n.s. [n.s.]
  1. A = ADHD-C, B = BD, AB = A+BD, Bx = BD excluding BP-NOS, ABx = A+Bx. # Two-tailed Chi square/Fisher, df = 1, ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.03, *p < 0.05, n.s. = nonsignificant. #Number and percentage refers to those with performance inferior to 85% of the normally developing children.