Skip to main content

Table 8 Differences between patients according to number of hospitalizations: color trail making (CTMT), Stroop and five dots tests

From: The impacts of substance abuse and dependence on neuropsychological functions in a sample of patients from Saudi Arabia

  Number of hospitalizations (n)   
Tests used 1 (44)
mean ± SD
2 (41)
mean ± SD
3 (38)
mean ± SD
≥ 4 (31)
mean ± SD
F value P value
CTMT Time 1 b 67.40 ± 15.80 68.96 ± 19.14 76.28 ± 21.12 99.59 ± 37.42 F(1,98) = 13.413 0.000
CTMT Color errors 1 b 0.50 ± 0.98 0.39 ± 0.86 0.68 ± 1.16 1.39 ± 1.48 F(4,50) = 5.457 0.001
CTMT Time 2 b 103.52 ± 23.34 114.82 ± 30.57 123.74 ± 29.48 150.55 ± 42.84 F(1,45) = 14.309 0.000
CTMT number errors 2b 0.32 ± 0.80 0.15 ± 0.57 0.45 ± 1.16 1.16 ± 1.77 F(4,48) = 5.465 0.001
CTMT Color errors 2 b 0.48 ± 1.11 0.68 ± 1.46 0.83 ± 1.15 1.35 ± 1.60 F(7,76) = 2.861 0.01
Stroop Time 1 b 10.40 ± 2.21 11.65 ± 1.90 12.08 ± 2.31 15.13 ± 6.06 F(1,265) = 12.662 0.001
Stroop Errors 1 b 0.07 ± 0.33 0.05 ± 0.22 0.08 ± 0.36 0.33 ± 0.83 F(1,77) = 2.706 0.05
Stroop Time 5 b 26.31 ± 7.87 29.42 ± 7.53 31.87 ± 8.04 40.49 ± 8.31 F(1,10) = 20.611 0.001
Stroop Errors 5 b 2.02 ± 2.22 2.87 ± 3.22 3.39 ± 2.54 3.86 ± 2.96 F(1,265) = 12.662 0.001
Total score 5 dots a 31.48 ± 7.73 26.37 ± 8.51 25.76 ± 7.26 23.90 ± 8.31 F(3,39) = 6.587 0.001
5 dots unique designs a 27.93 ± 7.81 23.68 ± 7.64 22.26 ± 7.09 20.71 ± 7.57 F(3,37) = 6.638 0.001
  1. n. number of patients
  2. a. Higher scores indicate better function.
  3. b. higher scores indicate poorer function
  4. CTMT: color trail making test