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Table 2 Mean ratings on the Conners' subscales and Expressed Emotion (EE) Measures for ADHD and control children with SD in parenthesis and ANOVA results on significant differences.

From: Does the cortisol response to stress mediate the link between expressed emotion and oppositional behavior in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD)?

Conners subscale ADHD Controls ANOVA ADHD Control ANOVA
  parent ratings   teacher ratings  
oppositional 75.92 (10.66) 51.44 (7.64) F(1,121) = 213.34, p < .001 67.67 (14.01) 48.93 (5.43) F(1,114) = 87.72, p < .001
inattention 72.47 (10.12) 48.41 (5.78) F(1,121) = 260.56, p < .001 63.58 (8.96) 44.66 (12.96) F(1,114) = 84.56, p < .001
hyperactivity 78.48 (10.13) 47.84 (5.81) F(1,121) = 421.45, p < .001 73.58 (10.91) 46.46 (3.97) F(1,114) = 307.77, p < .001
anxious-shy 57.95 (13.81) 49.43 (8.82) F(1,121) = 16.58, p < .001 64.6 (11.55) 53.57 (9.34) F(1,114) = 31.67, p < .001
social problems 69.73 (14.75) 50.46 (7.65) F(1,121) = 111.01, p < .001 62.23 (13.80) 47.89 (6.88) F(1,114) = 49.0, p < .001
emotional lability 66.60 (13.50) 47.21 (7.95) F(1,121) = 92.77, p < .001 68.65 (13.62) 47.68 (6.31) F(1,114) = 95.42, p < .001
DSM-IV-ct 78.56 (8.56) 47.33 (4.84) F(1,121) = 616.68, p < .001 73.75 (8.54) 47.46 (6.10) F(1,114) = 359.0, p < .001
parental EE-rating ANOVA Effect size d
negative comments 5.46 (3.84) 2.60 (2.93) F(1,117) = 13.72, p < .001 .84
positive comments 5.58 (2.93) 8.16 (2.08) F(1,117) = 19.06, p < .001 -1.01
warmth 2.75 (1.38) 3.79 (1.08) F(1,117) = 14.46, p < .001 -.84
criticism/hostility 2.44 (1.79) 0.84 (1.13) F(1,117) = 22.55, p < .001 1.07
  1. Effect sizes are reported for EE ratings only.