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Table 7 Comparison between groups with different outcomes regarding clinical and premorbid variables:

From: Long term functioning in early onset psychosis: Two years prospective follow-up study

Variables Good outcome Moderate outcome Poor outcome P value
Age of onset 12.5 +/- 4.1 12.8 +/- 3.7 10.8 +/- 3.2 .255
Sex     
   Male 3 (21.4%) 6 (42.9%) 5 (35.7%) .445
   Female 7 (30.4%) 12 (52.2%) 4 (17.4%)  
GDS 0.7 +/- 0.82 3.3 +/- 3.2 2.9 +/- 2.7 .165
CBS 4.7 +/- 5 7.5 +/- 4.7 7.1 +/- 3.1 .231
PAS 7.4 +/- 2.4 12.7 +/- 5.4 15.3 +/- 4.8 .002
DUP 12.1 +/- 10.5 20.2 +/- 42.6 23.2 +/- 29.7 .410
Duration to improvement 7.1 +/- 3.2 14.6 +/- 10.7 38 +/- 33 .082
Positive subscale 28.8 +/- 8.2 26 +/- 6.4 29.7 +/- 6.2 .343
Negative subscale 21.1 +/- 9.7 31.3 +/- 11 36.8 +/- 8.2 .009
GPS 57.7 +/- 12.7 50 +/- 12.4 65 +/- 14.8 .030
IQ 105.8 +/- 10.1 80.8 +/- 21.4 80 +/- 22.4 .008
Diagnosis     
   Paranoid 5(35.7%) 7(50%) 2(14.3%) .040
   Undifferentiated 1(12.5%) 5(62.5%) 2(25%)  
   Disorganized 0(0%) 3(37.5%) 5(62.5%)  
   PDNOS 4(57.1%) 3(42.9%) 0(0%)  
  1. GDS: general development scale; CBS: child behavior scale
  2. PAS: premorbid adjustment scale; DUP: Duration of untreated psychosis
  3. GPS: General psychopathology subscale from PANSS; IQ: Intelligent quotient
  4. P value significant if ≤ 0.05; P value is highly significant if ≤ 0.005
  5. PDNOS: Psychotic disorder not otherwise specified