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Table 4 Effect of orally SA administration for 7 days in biochemical parameters of rat brain antioxidant status

From: Brain antioxidant markers, cognitive performance and acetylcholinesterase activity of rats: efficiency of Sonchus asper

Treatment Catalase (U/min) Superoxide dismutase (U/mg protein) Glutathione peroxidase assay (nmol/mg protein) Glutathione reductase (nmol/min
/mg protein)
Glutathione-S-transferase (nmol/min
/mg protein)
Reduced glutathione (μmol/g tissue) Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (nmol/min
/ mg protein)
Control 11.0 ± 0.25 7.18 ± 2.8 43.3 ± 3.58 174.5 ± 20.7 115.8 ± 26.11 64.5 ± 10.7 184.5 ± 8.7
SA50 15.5 ± 2.8* 13.5 ± 1.4** 55.3 ± 1.85* 203.3 ± 10.3** 139.8 ± 13.3 * 88.0 ± 8.3* 200.3 ± 7.3*
SA100 14.0 ± 1.12* 18.3 ± 1.7 ** 65.3 ± 5.14** 218.0 ± 10.5 ** 150.8 ± 11.5** 91.8 ± 10.0** 208.0 ± 10.0**
  1. * p < 0.05 significant difference from control littermates (n = 10/group)
  2. ** p < 0.01 significant difference from control littermates (n = 10/group)
  3. The rats brain biochemical parameters are expressed as mean ± S.E.M values