Skip to main content

Table 1 The MFNU subtests used in this study [for videos see 25]

From: Motor regulation problems and pain in adults diagnosed with ADHD

Name of subtest Description
01. Dynamic balance-2 legs Three sideway jumps within marked squares (back and forth). The entire process is repeated three times without stopping.
02. Dynamic balance-1 leg Three sideway jumps on one leg within marked squares (back and forth). The entire process is repeated three times without stopping. Both legs are tested.
03. Diadochokinesis-right Pronation-supination of one hand with the elbow flexed 90 degrees. The hand is held as an “extension” of the lower arm. The exercise is performed for approximately 15–20 seconds.
04. Diadochokinesis-left  
05. Reciprocal coordination Alternate clenching of one fist while stretching the other in a rhythmic manner for about 15 seconds. Fingers should be almost completely extended after the hand has been clenched. Elbows are at a 90-degree angle with palms facing upwards.
06. Thumb movement The tips of the fingers other than the thumb are successively touched with the palmar surface of the tip of the thumb. After each opposition, the subject extends and abducts the thumb. Both hands are tested for approximately 20 seconds.
07. Walking Walking with toes alternately pointing outwards (“Chaplin”) and inwards followed by walking on the outer foot rend (Fog’s test) and inner foot rend.
08. Lifting arm Lies prone with arms at a 45 degree angle from midline; lifts one arm with the palm of the hand facing the floor.
09. Lifting leg Lies prone with the anterior superior iliac spine touching the floor while lifting one stretched leg at a time.
10. “Flying” Lies prone, the arm in a 45 degree angle from midline, lifting head, arms and legs.
11. Palpation Lies prone. The test leader palpates the back, especially the longissimus and latissimus dorsi. The test leader assesses the mobility of the thorax.
12. Passive abduction-right hip Lies supine. Tester holds the subject’s knee and hip in a flexed position.
13. Passive abduction-left hip The tester stretches and flexes the leg to elicit relaxation of the hip muscles and abducts the leg. The sides are evaluated separately.
14. Passive movement-right foot Lies supine. Tester examines passive movement with dorsal flexion and eversion/plantar flexion of the right and the left feet.
15. Passive movement-left foot  
16. Synkinesis ‘Synkinesis’ is not a separate test but is an item for evaluating the synkinetic movements registered in one or more subtests. When synkinesis is observed, the tester tries to correct it. The synkinesis remaining after correction is scored.