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Table 2 Correlations between verbalization/ visualization and intelligence

From: Individual differences in solving arithmetic word problems

  Verbal intelligence Numerical intelligence Figural intelligence
Visualization .022 (p = .900) -.030 (p = .862) -.140 (p = .424)
Verbalization -.345 (p = .042)* -.293 (p = .087) -.160 (p = .358)
  1. The table shows the product moment correlation coefficients between verbalization/ visualization and intelligence, statistical significance is given in brackets. No significant correlations between the self-reported use of verbalization or visualization in solving arithmetic word problems and numerical or figural intelligence were observed (n = 36). Moreover, no significant correlation between the self-reported use of visualization in solving arithmetic word problems and verbal intelligence was observed (n = 36), but a significant negative correlation between the self-reported use of verbalization in solving arithmetic word problems and verbal intelligence was observed (n = 36). However, it should be mentioned that this correlation is not significant any more after Bonferroni correction. (We used a Bonferroni correction for the number of content areas of intelligence for each modality. Thus, the critical p value was .017 (.05 / 3)).