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Table 4 Means and Standard Deviations for BRIEF-P Subscores and Indexes and Results of the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) (n = 308)

From: Parent ratings of executive function in young preschool children with symptoms of attention-deficit/-hyperactivity disorder

Group
(Girls/boys) ADHD ODD ANX TD  
n = 104 n = 39 n = 48 n = 117
(38/66) (18/21) (21/27) (52/65)
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) F (9,906) η p 2
BRIEF-P raw scores       
Inhibition 30.8 (6.1) 26.6 (5.3) 23.8 (4.8) 20.2 (4.1) 81.9 .45
Shift 14.1 (3.2) 14.0 (3.0) 15.5 (3.6) 11.9 (2.5) 19.5 .16
Emotional Control 17.2 (4.2) 18.4 (4.2) 16.8 (3.8) 13.1 (3.1) 32.6 .24
Working Memory 28.6 (6.3) 24.6 (4.2) 24.7 (5.8) 20.7 (4.2) 41.7 .29
Plan/Organize 17.5 (3.8) 16.3 (2.8) 15.2 (3.4) 13.0 (2.7) 37.0 .27
BRIEF-P indexes       
ISCI 48.0 (9.1) 45.0 (8.7) 40.6 (7.3) 33.2 (6.5) 68.6 .40
FI 31.3 (6.3) 32.4 (6.2) 32.3 (6.6) 25.0 (4.8) 33.6 .25
EMI 46.2 (9.5) 40.9 (6.1) 39.9 (8.7) 33.7 (6.5) 45.0 .31
  1. Note. All results were significant at level p < .001. ISCI = Inhibitory Self-control Index, FI = Flexibility Index, EMI = Emergent Metacognition Index.