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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of ASD + E and ASD-only participants

From: The effect of epilepsy on autistic symptom severity assessed by the social responsiveness scale in children with autism spectrum disorder

  ASD-only (N = 44) ASD + E (N = 22) p value
Agea (years) 8.273 ± 4.326 10.227 ± 5.814 0.172
Genderb
 Male 43 (97.7 %) 21 (95.5 %) >0.999
 Female 1 (2.3 %) 1 (4.5 %)
FSIQa 62.318 ± 17.095 55.455 ± 18.397 0.139
VIQa 67.80 ± 22.130 58.68 ± 21.007 0.114
PIQa 62.73 ± 15.813 58.27 ± 16.799 0.295
Intellectual disability based on FSIQb
 Non-intellectual disability IQ >70 12 (27.3 %) 5 (22.7 %) 0.102
 Mild intellectual disability IQ 50–70 20 (45.5 %) 6 (27.3 %)
 Moderate-severe intellectual disability IQ <50 12 (27.3 %) 11 (50.0 %)
Gestation age (weeks)b
 ≤31 1 (2.3 %) 0 (0 %) 0.386
 32–36 8 (18.2 %) 2 (9.1 %)
 37–41 35 (79.5 %) 54 (81.8 %)
 ≥42 0 (0 %) 1 (4.5 %)
Birth weight (g)b
 1500–2499 2 (4.5 %) 1 (4.5 %) 0.072
 2500–3999 41 (93.2 %) 17 (77.3 %)
 4000–4499 1 (2.3 %) 4 (18.2 %)
Obstetrics complicationb
 No 38 (86.4 %) 17 (77.3 %) 0.485
 Yes 6 (13.6 %) 5 (22.7 %)
Antipsychotic medicationb
 No 25 (56.8 %) 8 (36.4 %) 0.191
 Yes 19 (43.2 %) 14 (63.6 %)
  1. ASD + E ASD participants with epilepsy
  2. aIndependent two sample t test
  3. bChi square test