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Table 1 A summary of some available animal models of mental illnesses, where the animals themselves act as the model for the target group

From: Logical fallacies in animal model research

Mental illness Model References
Anxiety Serotonin receptor 1A knockout mice [114]
Corticosterone treated mice [115]
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Spontaneously Hypertensive rat [35]
Thyroid receptor β1 transgenic mice [116]
Autism Valproic Acid rat [81]
Depression Corticosterone treated rats and mice [117]
Chronic Mild Stress rats and mice [118]
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Quinpirole treated rats [119]
Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome Congenital learned helpless rat [120]
Schizophrenia Ventral hippocampus lesioned rats [121]
Methylazoxymethanol acetate treated rats [122]
Developmental vitamin D deficient rats [123]
  1. The animals are genetically modified, bred for a specific trait, or manipulated in some physiological fashion (e.g. a lesion or drug injection)