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Fig. 2 | Behavioral and Brain Functions

Fig. 2

From: Motor cortex and pain control: exploring the descending relay analgesic pathways and spinal nociceptive neurons in healthy conscious rats

Fig. 2

MCS, antinociception, and their correlation with NRM activation. Quantification of Egr-1 (A) and 5HT (B) IR in the NRM of naive (without surgical intervention), sham (with epidural electrodes but without stimulation) and stimulated (MCS, 1.0 V/60 Hz/210 µs, 15 min) rats. Values represent the mean ± SEM (n = 5 animals per group). **p < 0.01 compared to the naive group, after Bonferroni’s post hoc test. Photomicrographs illustrating the 5HT-IR in the NRM of sham (C) and stimulated (D) rats. 5HT serotonin, IR immunoreactivity, MCS motor cortex stimulation, NRM nucleus raphe magnus. Scale bars: 200 μm

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