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Table 1 Two cognitive training studies in individuals with cognitive deficits

From: Commercial video games and cognitive functions: video game genres and modulating factors of cognitive enhancement

StudyParticipantsTraining procedureResults of the training
[21]Individuals with different extent of TBI (N = 3)Computer-based treatment training attention and executive function in order to enhance higher cognitive skills (e.g. problem solving skill)The improvement in cognitive functions despite the individual difference in the extent to which the functions were improved
[11]ChildrenSPD (N = 10), childrenSPD+ADHD(N = 17), TDC(N = 20)Four-week-long training conducted by using laboratory-based games to improve cognitive functions/cognitive control and 9-month follow-up testImproved cognitive control in all children but greater enhancement in childrenSPD+ADHD showing more attentional deficits than other two groups of children; the persistent training effect found based on parental reports of children’s attentional skill
  1. Notes. TBI stands for traumatic brain injuries (i.e. diverse cognitive deficits with greater extent of severity), SPD stands for sensory processing dysfunction (i.e. the exhibition of exaggerated behavioral response to sensory stimuli), ADHD stands for attention deficit/hyperactivity dysfunction (i.e. difficulty to sustain attention and/or the exhibition of hyperactive movements), TDC stands for typically developing children