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  1. Molecular genetic studies suggest the dopamine D1 receptor (D1R) may be implicated in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As little is known about the potential motor role of D1R in ADHD, animal m...

    Authors: Rochellys Diaz Heijtz and F Xavier Castellanos

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  2. Increased oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction have been identified as common pathophysiological phenomena associated with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's di...

    Authors: V Srinivasan, SR Pandi-Perumal, DP Cardinali, B Poeggeler and R Hardeland

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:15

    Content type: Review

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  3. Serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in suicidal behavior. Association between suicidal completers and a regulatory C(-1019)G polymorphism (rs6295) in the serotonin 1A receptor (HTR1A) gene was p...

    Authors: Danuta Wasserman, Thomas Geijer, Marcus Sokolowski, Vsevolod Rozanov and Jerzy Wasserman

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:14

    Content type: Research

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  4. The apolipoprotein E (APOE) and tau proteins play important roles in the pathological development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Many studies have shown an association between the APOE gene and AD. Association betw...

    Authors: Lingjun Zuo, Christopher H van Dyck, Xingguang Luo, Henry R Kranzler, Bao-zhu Yang and Joel Gelernter

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  5. The aim of the study was to test long-term effects of (+)-methamphetamine (MA) on the dopamine (DA) innervation in limbo-cortical regions of adult gerbils, in order to understand better the repair and neuropla...

    Authors: Susanne Brummelte, Thorsten Grund, Andrea Czok, Gertraud Teuchert-Noodt and Jörg Neddens

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:12

    Content type: Research

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  6. This quasi-experimental study was designed to assess two important learning types – procedural and declarative – in children and adolescents affected by posterior fossa tumours (astrocytoma vs. medulloblastoma...

    Authors: Eliana A Quintero-Gallego, Carlos M Gómez, Encarnación Vaquero Casares, Javier Márquez and Fco Javier Pérez-Santamaría

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:9

    Content type: Research

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  7. Restraint stress has been shown to elicit numerous effects on hippocampal function and neuronal morphology, as well as to induce dendritic remodeling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, the effects of acu...

    Authors: Rebecca M Shansky, Katya Rubinow, Avis Brennan and Amy FT Arnsten

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  8. The 5HT1A receptor is one of at least 14 different receptors for serotonin which has a role in moderating several brain functions and may be involved in the aetiology of several psychiatric disorders. The C(-1...

    Authors: G Koller, B Bondy, UW Preuss, P Zill and M Soyka

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:7

    Content type: Research

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  9. The objective of this study was to analyze the extracellularly acting semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) serum levels in children with ADHD for the first time. SSAO is known to show deviations from n...

    Authors: Veit Roessner, Henrik Uebel, Andreas Becker, Georg Beck, Stefan Bleich and Aribert Rothenberger

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:5

    Content type: Short paper

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  10. Individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) have unexplained difficulties on tasks requiring speeded processing of colored stimuli. Color vision mechanisms, particularly short-wavelength (bl...

    Authors: Rosemary Tannock, Tobias Banaschewski and David Gold

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:4

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  11. Methylphenidate (MPD) is a psychostimulant commonly prescribed for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The mode of action of the brain circuitry responsible for initiating the animals' behavior in respon...

    Authors: Pamela B Yang, Alan C Swann and Nachum Dafny

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:3

    Content type: Research

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  12. Methylphenidate (MPH) is the most commonly used drug to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children effectively and safely. In spite of its widespread application throughout one of the mo...

    Authors: Thorsten Grund, Konrad Lehmann, Nathalie Bock, Aribert Rothenberger and Gertraud Teuchert-Noodt

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:2

    Content type: Review

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  13. The recreational use of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) among adolescents and young adults has become increasingly prevalent in recent years. While evidence suggests that the long-term conseq...

    Authors: Gunjan M Modi, Pamela B Yang, Alan C Swann and Nachum Dafny

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2006 2:1

    Content type: Research

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  14. Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) mediates conversion of homocysteine to cystathionine and deficiency in enzyme activity may lead to hyperhomocysteinemia/homocystinuria, which are often associated with mental ret...

    Authors: Samikshan Dutta, Swagata Sinha, Anindita Chattopadhyay, Prasanta Kumar Gangopadhyay, Jotideb Mukhopadhyay, Manoranjan Singh and Kanchan Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:25

    Content type: Research

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  15. The Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) shows a number of behaviours that closely parallel those seen in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. These include motor hyperactivity, excessive re...

    Authors: Jonathan Mill, Terje Sagvolden and Philip Asherson

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:24

    Content type: Research

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  16. Implicit learning was reported to be intact in schizophrenia using artificial grammar learning. However, emerging evidence indicates that artificial grammar learning is not a unitary process. The authors used ...

    Authors: Ming-Jang Chiu, Kristina Liu, Ming H Hsieh and Hai-Gwo Hwu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:23

    Content type: Research

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  17. Evidence from behavioural studies suggests that impaired motor response inhibition may be common to several externalizing child psychiatric disorders, although it has been proposed to be the core-deficit in AD...

    Authors: Björn Albrecht, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Hartmut Heinrich and Aribert Rothenberger

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:22

    Content type: Research

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  18. Auditory neuropathy is a disorder characterized by no or severely impaired auditory brainstem responses in presence of normal otoacoustic emissions and/or cochlear microphonics. Speech perception abilities in ...

    Authors: Ajith U Kumar and M Jayaram

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:21

    Content type: Research

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  19. Distinct cognitive processes support verbal and nonverbal working memory, with verbal memory depending specifically on the subvocal rehearsal of items.

    Authors: Grace Hwang, Joshua Jacobs, Aaron Geller, Jared Danker, Robert Sekuler and Michael J Kahana

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:20

    Content type: Research

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  20. Variation in the COMT gene has been implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders, including psychotic, affective and anxiety disorders. The majority of these studies have focused on the functional Val108/15...

    Authors: Birgit Funke, Anil K Malhotra, Christine T Finn, Alex M Plocik, Stephen L Lake, Todd Lencz, Pamela DeRosse, John M Kane and Raju Kucherlapati

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:19

    Content type: Research

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  21. Previous studies have shown that spatio-tactile acuity is influenced by the clarity of the cortical response in primary somatosensory cortex (SI). Stimulus characteristics such as frequency, amplitude, and loc...

    Authors: V Tannan, RG Dennis and M Tommerdahl

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:18

    Content type: Research

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  22. Different findings indicate that rostral ventrolateral reticular nucleus (RVL) is neuronal substrate of integration and regulation of the cardiovascular functions. Some efferent RVL neurons project to the thor...

    Authors: Antonella Russo, Rosalia Pellitteri, Rosa Romeo, Stefania Stanzani and André Jean

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:17

    Content type: Short paper

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  23. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of atomoxetine, a new and highly selective inhibitor of the norepinephrine transporter, in reducing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...

    Authors: Stephen V Faraone, Joseph Biederman, Thomas Spencer, David Michelson, Lenard Adler, Fred Reimherr and Stephen J Glatt

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:16

    Content type: Research

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  24. The occurrence of aberrant functional connectivity in the neuronal circuit is one of the integrative theories of the etiology of schizophrenia. Previous studies have reported that the protein and mRNA levels o...

    Authors: Hee Jae Lee, Ji Young Song, Jong Woo Kim, Sheng-Yu Jin, Mi Suk Hong, Jin Kyoung Park, Joo-Ho Chung, Hiroki Shibata and Yasuyuki Fukumaki

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:15

    Content type: Research

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  25. Some clinical symptoms or cognitive functions have been related to the overall state of monoamine activity in patients with schizophrenia, (e.g. inverse correlation of the dopamine metabolite HVA with delusion...

    Authors: Robert D Oades, Bernd Röpcke, Uwe Henning and Ansgard Klimke

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:14

    Content type: Research

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  26. N170 effects associated with visual words may be related to perceptual expertise effects that have been demonstrated for faces and other extensively studied classes of visual stimuli. Although face and other o...

    Authors: Urs Maurer, Daniel Brandeis and Bruce D McCandliss

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:13

    Content type: Research

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  27. The behaviour of children with Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder is often described as highly variable, in addition to being hyperactive, impulsive and inattentive. One reason might be that they do no...

    Authors: Heidi Aase and Terje Sagvolden

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:12

    Content type: Research

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  28. H. Szechtman and E. Woody (2004) hypothesized that obsessive-compulsive disorder results from a deficit in the feeling of knowing that normally terminates thoughts or actions elicited by security motivation. T...

    Authors: Erik Z Woody, Victoria Lewis, Lisa Snider, Hilary Grant, Markad Kamath and Henry Szechtman

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:11

    Content type: Research

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  29. Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often perform poorly on tasks requiring sustained and systematic attention to stimuli for extended periods of time. The current paper tested the hy...

    Authors: Edmund JS Sonuga-Barke, Sarah Elgie and Martin Hall

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:10

    Content type: Research

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  30. Although animals cannot be used to study complex human behaviour such as language, they do have similar basic functions. In fact, human disorders that have animal models are better understood than disorders th...

    Authors: Vivienne A Russell, Terje Sagvolden and Espen Borgå Johansen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:9

    Content type: Review

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  31. The objective of the current study was to examine performance and correlates of performance on a decision-making card task involving risky choices (Iowa Gambling Task) in adolescents with ADHD and comparison c...

    Authors: Maggie E Toplak, Umesh Jain and Rosemary Tannock

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Substantial evidence suggests that the phasic activities of dopaminergic neurons in the primate midbrain represent a temporal difference (TD) error in predictions of future reward, with increases above and dec...

    Authors: Yael Niv, Michael O Duff and Peter Dayan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:6

    Content type: Short paper

    Published on:

  33. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on radial-maze learning and hippocampal neuroanatomy, particularly the sizes of the intra- and infrapyramidal mossy fiber (IIPM...

    Authors: Frans Sluyter, Laure Jamot, Jean-Yves Bertholet and Wim E Crusio

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Neural systems show habituation responses at multiple levels, including relatively abstract language categories. Dishabituation – responses to non-habituated stimuli – can provide a window into the structure o...

    Authors: Jason D Zevin and Bruce D McCandliss

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Methylphenidate (MPH) is the classic treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), yet the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic actions remain unclear. Recent studies have identified an oral,...

    Authors: Amy FT Arnsten and Anne G Dudley

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Behavioral and Brain Functions (BBF) is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal considering original research, review, and modeling articles in all aspects of neurobiology or behavior, favoring research tha...

    Authors: Terje Sagvolden

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2005 1:1

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

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