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  1. Intellectual disability (ID) is often associated with behavioral problems or disorders. Mutations in the GRIN2B gene (MRD6, MIM613970) have been identified as a common cause of ID (prevalence of 0.5 – 1% in indiv...

    Authors: Inga Freunscht, Bernt Popp, Rainer Blank, Sabine Endele, Ute Moog, Holger Petri, Eva-Christina Prott, Andre Reis, Jochen Rübo, Bernhard Zabel, Martin Zenker, Johannes Hebebrand and Dagmar Wieczorek

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:20

    Content type: Research

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  2. The cause of almost all cases of Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains unknown. Recent years have seen an explosion in the rate of discovery of genetic defects linked to PD. Different racial and geographical popula...

    Authors: Qilin Ma, Xingkai An, Zhiming Li, Huanjing Zhang, Wenqing Huang, Liangliang Cai, Peng Hu, Qing Lin and Chi-Meng Tzeng

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:19

    Content type: Research

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  3. Most children who are diagnosed with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have moderate-to-severe motor problems using the Motor Function Neurological Assessment battery (MFNU). The MFNU focuses on ...

    Authors: Liv Larsen Stray, Øistein Kristensen, Martha Lomeland, Mette Skorstad, Torstein Stray and Finn Egil Tønnessen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:18

    Content type: Research

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  4. Activation of GABAB receptors with baclofen into the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) induces ingestion of water and 0.3 M NaCl in fluid replete rats. However, up to now, no study has investigated the effects ...

    Authors: Everton H Kimura, Lisandra B De Oliveira, José V Menani and João C Callera

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:17

    Content type: Research

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  5. Precise levels of specific neurotransmitters are required for appropriate neuronal functioning. The neurotransmitter dopamine is implicated in modulating behaviors, such as cognition, reward and memory. In the...

    Authors: Mahlet Mersha, Rosaria Formisano, Rochelle McDonald, Pratima Pandey, Nektarios Tavernarakis and Singh Harbinder

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:16

    Content type: Short paper

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  6. Previous studies have indicated that the temporal lobe is involved in theory of mind (ToM). However, little attention has been paid to ToM in patients with cerebral infarction. In this study, we investigated t...

    Authors: Chunhua Xi, Youling Zhu, Chunyan Zhu, Daohui Song, Yongguang Wang and Kai Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:15

    Content type: Research

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  7. In humans, both primary and non-primary motor areas are involved in the control of voluntary movements. However, the dynamics of functional coupling among different motor areas have not been fully clarified ye...

    Authors: Tommaso Bocci, Carlo Moretto, Silvia Tognazzi, Lucia Briscese, Megi Naraci, Letizia Leocani, Franco Mosca, Mauro Ferrari and Ferdinando Sartucci

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:14

    Content type: Research

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  8. Autophagy-mediated self-digestion of cytoplasmic inclusions may be protective against neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, excessive autophagic activation evokes autophagic pro...

    Authors: Nian Xiong, Jing Xiong, Min Jia, Ling Liu, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Jinsha Huang, Zhentao Zhang, Lingling Hou, Zhijian Luo, Devina Ghoorah, Zhicheng Lin and Tao Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:13

    Content type: Research

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  9. Estrogen is believed to play an important role in the central nervous system (CNS) and exert a protective role against schizophrenia. Estrogen receptor alpha (ESRα) mediates the biological action of estrogen. ...

    Authors: Shuai Wang, Wenqiang Li, Jingyuan Zhao, Hongxing Zhang, Yongfeng Yang, Xiujuan Wang, Ge Yang and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:12

    Content type: Research

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  10. The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) has consistently been implicated in the pathology of both drug and behavioral addictions. However, no study to date has examined OFC thickness in internet addiction. In the curre...

    Authors: Soon-Beom Hong, Jae-Won Kim, Eun-Jung Choi, Ho-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Eun Suh, Chang-Dai Kim, Paul Klauser, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yűcel, Christos Pantelis and Soon-Hyung Yi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:11

    Content type: Short paper

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  11. Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disease characterized by a high heritability and a complex genetic architecture. Recent reports based on exome sequencing analyses have highlighted a significant increase ...

    Authors: Loubna Jouan, Simon L Girard, Sylvia Dobrzeniecka, Amirthagowri Ambalavanan, Marie-Odile Krebs, Ridha Joober, Julie Gauthier, Patrick A Dion and Guy A Rouleau

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:9

    Content type: Short paper

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  12. We report on a 6-year-old Turkish boy with profound sensorineural deafness, balance disorder, severe disorder of oral motor function, and mild developmental delay. Further findings included scaphocephaly, plag...

    Authors: Julia C Schröder, Anne K Läßig, Danuta Galetzka, Angelika Peters, John C Castle, Stefan Diederich, Ulrich Zechner, Wibke Müller-Forell, Annerose Keilmann and Oliver Bartsch

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:7

    Content type: Research

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  13. Recent evidence suggests that neglect patients seem to have particular problems representing relatively smaller numbers corresponding to the left part of the mental number line. However, while this indicates s...

    Authors: Elise Klein, Korbinian Moeller, Daniela Zinsberger, Harald Zauner, Guilherme Wood, Klaus Willmes, Christine Haider, Alfred Gassner and Hans-Christoph Nuerk

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:5

    Content type: Research

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  14. The pig is emerging as a model species that bridges the gap between rodents and humans in research. In particular, the miniature pig (referred to hereafter as the minipig) is increasingly being used as non-rod...

    Authors: Elise Gieling, Welmoed Wehkamp, Remco Willigenburg, Rebecca E Nordquist, Niels-Christian Ganderup and Franz Josef van der Staay

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:4

    Content type: Research

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  15. The literature on social dilemmas and punishment focuses on the behaviour of the punisher. However, to fully explain the effect of punishment on cooperation, it is important to understand the psychological mec...

    Authors: Anya Skatova and Eamonn Ferguson

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:3

    Content type: Research

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  16. Fatigue has a multi-factorial nature. We examined the effects of two types of mental fatigue on spontaneous oscillatory brain activity using magnetoencephalography (MEG).

    Authors: Yoshihito Shigihara, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Etsuko Kanai, Masami Funakura and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:2

    Content type: Research

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  17. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the ionotropic and glutamate receptors, N-methyl D-asparate 2A (GRIN2A) and 2B (GRIN2B), and the metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR7 (GRM...

    Authors: Subin Park, Sun-Woo Jung, Boong-Nyun Kim, Soo-Churl Cho, Min-Sup Shin, Jae-Won Kim, Hee Jeong Yoo, Dae-Yeon Cho, Un-Sun Chung, Jung-Woo Son and Hyo-Won Kim

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:1

    Content type: Research

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  18. Neuropsychiatric symptoms such as psychosis are prevalent in patients with probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Because these disabling symptoms are gene...

    Authors: Drew Christie, Jane Shofer, Steven P Millard, Ellen Li, Mary Ann DeMichele-Sweet, Elise A Weamer, M Ilyas Kamboh, Oscar L Lopez, Robert A Sweet and Debby Tsuang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:62

    Content type: Research

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  19. Neurosteroids are synthesized in the brain and modulate brain excitability. There is increasing evidence of their sedative, anesthetic and antiseizure properties, as well as their influence on mood. Currently ...

    Authors: Mauro Giovanni Carta, Krishna M Bhat and Antonio Preti

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:61

    Content type: Review

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  20. Among the most robust neural abnormalities differentiating individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) from typically developing controls are elevated levels of slow oscillatory activity (...

    Authors: Steven Woltering, Jessica Jung, Zhongxu Liu and Rosemary Tannock

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:60

    Content type: Research

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  21. Deficient operant extinction has been hypothesized to be constitutive of ADHD dysfunction. In order to elucidate the behavioral mechanisms underlying this deficit, the performance of an animal model of ADHD, t...

    Authors: Ryan J Brackney, Timothy HC Cheung, Katrina Herbst, Jade C Hill and Federico Sanabria

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:59

    Content type: Research

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  22. Different models of cortical lesion lead to different effects on plasticity of connections and loss of function. In opposition to ischemia, cortical lesion made by ablation does not induce significant adaptive...

    Authors: Helder Teixeira de Freitas, Viviane Gomes da Silva and Arthur Giraldi-Guimarães

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:58

    Content type: Short paper

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  23. Mutations of the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene have reportedly been associated with Parkinson disease (PD) in various ethnic populations such as Singaporean, Japanese, Formosan, Canadian, American, Portuguese,...

    Authors: Youpei Wang, Ling Liu, Jing Xiong, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Lan Yu, Chunnuan Chen, Jinsha Huang, Zhentao Zhang, Asrah A Mohmed, Zhicheng Lin, Nian Xiong and Tao Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:57

    Content type: Research

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  24. Previous reports suggest that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplements may reduce ADHD-like behaviour. Our aim was to investigate potential effects of n-3 PUFA supplementation in an animal ...

    Authors: Kine S Dervola, Bjørg Å Roberg, Grete Wøien, Inger Lise Bogen, Torbjørn H Sandvik, Terje Sagvolden, Christian A Drevon, Espen Borgå Johansen and Sven Ivar Walaas

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:56

    Content type: Research

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  25. Possible interactions between nervous and immune systems in neuro-psychiatric disorders remain elusive. Levels of brain dopamine transporter (DAT) have been implicated in several impulse-control disorders, lik...

    Authors: Walter Adriani, Susanne Koot, Sandra Columba-Cabezas, Emilia Romano, Domenica Travaglini, Ruud van den Bos, Oleg Granstrem, Syed F Ali and Giovanni Laviola

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:54

    Content type: Research

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  26. Recent clinical studies revealed emotional and cognitive impairments associated with absence epilepsy. Preclinical research with genetic models of absence epilepsy however have primarily focused on dysfunction...

    Authors: Ayşe Karson, Tijen Utkan, Fuat Balcı, Feyza Arıcıoğlu and Nurbay Ateş

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:51

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:12

  27. Human time perception is influenced by various factors such as attention and drowsiness. Nevertheless, the impact of cerebral vigilance fluctuations on temporal perception has not been sufficiently explored. W...

    Authors: Juliane Minkwitz, Maja U Trenner, Christian Sander, Sebastian Olbrich, Abigail J Sheldrick, Ulrich Hegerl and Hubertus Himmerich

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:50

    Content type: Research

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  28. Fatigue can be classified as mental and physical depending on its cause, and eachtype of fatigue has a multi-factorial nature. We examined the effect of mentalfatigue on the central nervous system using electr...

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Yoshihito Shigihara, Akira Ishii, Masami Funakura, Etsuko Kanai and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:48

    Content type: Research

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  29. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) are necessary for the proper development of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, which are key activators of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gon...

    Authors: Leah R Brooks, Carter Duyet V Le, Wilson C Chung and Pei-San Tsai

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:47

    Content type: Research

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  30. No reliable anatomical or functional alterations have been confirmed in psychiatric neuroimaging; however it can become reliable with translational impact on clinical practice when considering crucial methodol...

    Authors: Stefan Borgwardt, Joaquim Radua, Andrea Mechelli and Paolo Fusar-Poli

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:46

    Content type: Commentary

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  31. Few studies have been previously published about the resting state brain activity in young chronic smokers, although many previous fMRI studies have shown that the task-related activity pattern is altered in c...

    Authors: Jinsong Tang, Yanhui Liao, Qijian Deng, Tieqiao Liu, Xiaogang Chen, Xuyi Wang, Xiaojun Xiang, Hongxian Chen and Wei Hao

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:44

    Content type: Short paper

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  32. We studied the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 (GRM3) gene on brain N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentrations and executive function (EF) skills in non-s...

    Authors: Yan Xia, Dongying Ma, Jian Hu, Chunling Tang, Zheng Wu, Lei Liu and Feng Xin

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:42

    Content type: Research

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  33. Attention disengagement is reportedly influenced by perceiving a fearful facial expression even in the first year of life. In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in disengaging from f...

    Authors: Atsuko Nakagawa and Masune Sukigara

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:40

    Content type: Research

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  34. By use of purer indices of PM and RM components than previous studies and adoption of three PM task types, the present study aimed to investigate the deficits of these two components underlying global impairme...

    Authors: Ting Zhou, Lucas S Broster, Yang Jiang, Feng Bao, Huali Wang and Juan Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:39

    Content type: Research

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  35. Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS, MIM#192430, 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome) is a genetic disorder caused by a deletion of about 40 genes at the q11.2 band of one copy of chromosome 22. Individuals with VCFS pres...

    Authors: Petya D Radoeva, Ioana L Coman, Kevin M Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Christopher S McCarthy, Ashwini Kotkar, Dongliang Wang, Robert J Shprintzen and Wendy R Kates

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:38

    Content type: Research

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  36. The experience of spatial presence (SP), i.e., the sense of being present in a virtual environment, emerges if an individual perceives himself as 1) if he were actually located (self-location) and 2) able to act ...

    Authors: Michael Havranek, Nicolas Langer, Marcus Cheetham and Lutz Jäncke

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:34

    Content type: Research

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