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  1. Attention disengagement is reportedly influenced by perceiving a fearful facial expression even in the first year of life. In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in disengaging from f...

    Authors: Atsuko Nakagawa and Masune Sukigara

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:40

    Content type: Research

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  2. By use of purer indices of PM and RM components than previous studies and adoption of three PM task types, the present study aimed to investigate the deficits of these two components underlying global impairme...

    Authors: Ting Zhou, Lucas S Broster, Yang Jiang, Feng Bao, Huali Wang and Juan Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:39

    Content type: Research

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  3. Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS, MIM#192430, 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome) is a genetic disorder caused by a deletion of about 40 genes at the q11.2 band of one copy of chromosome 22. Individuals with VCFS pres...

    Authors: Petya D Radoeva, Ioana L Coman, Kevin M Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Christopher S McCarthy, Ashwini Kotkar, Dongliang Wang, Robert J Shprintzen and Wendy R Kates

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:38

    Content type: Research

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  4. The experience of spatial presence (SP), i.e., the sense of being present in a virtual environment, emerges if an individual perceives himself as 1) if he were actually located (self-location) and 2) able to act ...

    Authors: Michael Havranek, Nicolas Langer, Marcus Cheetham and Lutz Jäncke

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:34

    Content type: Research

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  5. Repeated morphine exposure can induce behavioral sensitization. There are evidences have shown that central gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system is involved in morphine dependence. However, the effect of a GABAB

    Authors: Zhenyu Fu, Hongfa Yang, Yuqiang Xiao, Gang Zhao and Haiyan Huang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:20

    Content type: Research

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  6. Mathematics anxiety (MA), a state of discomfort associated with performing mathematical tasks, is thought to affect a notable proportion of the school age population. Some research has indicated that MA negati...

    Authors: Amy Devine, Kayleigh Fawcett, Dénes Szűcs and Ann Dowker

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:33

    Content type: Research

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  7. Heavy binge drinking is increasingly frequent among adolescents, and consumption of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is often combined with ethanol (EtOH). The long-lasting effects of intermittent expo...

    Authors: Antonio Vidal-Infer, Maria A. Aguilar, Jose Miñarro and Marta Rodríguez-Arias

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:32

    Content type: Research

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  8. Dopamine receptor D 4 (DRD4) polymorphisms have been associated with a number of psychiatric disorders, but little is known about the mechanism of these associations. DNA met...

    Authors: Sophia J. Docherty, Oliver S. P. Davis, Claire M. A. Haworth, Robert Plomin, Ursula D’Souza and Jonathan Mill

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:31

    Content type: Research

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  9. Previous studies have demonstrated a profound lack of habituation in 129P3 mice compared to the habituating, but initially more anxious, BALB/c mice. The present study investigated whether this non-adaptive ph...

    Authors: Amber R. Salomons, Nathaly Espitia Pinzon, Hetty Boleij, Susanne Kirchhoff, Saskia S. Arndt, Rebecca E. Nordquist, Lothar Lindemann, Georg Jaeschke, Will Spooren and Frauke Ohl

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:30

    Content type: Research

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  10. Neurological abnormalities have been reported in people with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). The current study aimed to examine the prevalence of neurological soft signs (NSS) in this clinical group...

    Authors: Hui-jie Li, Peng-yun Wang, Yang Jiang, Raymond C. K. Chan, Hua-li Wang and Juan Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:29

    Content type: Research

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  11. Genetic research of schizophrenia (SCZ) based on the nuclear genome model (NGM) has been one of the most active areas in psychiatry for the past two decades. Although this effort is ongoing, the current situat...

    Authors: Nagafumi Doi, Yoko Hoshi, Masanari Itokawa, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tomoe Ichikawa, Makoto Arai, Chie Usui and Hirokazu Tachikawa

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:28

    Content type: Research

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  12. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) combined with brain imaging as a quantitative trait analysis revealed that the SNPs near CTXN3-SLC12A2 region were related to forebrain development and stress response which...

    Authors: Benjaporn Panichareon, Kazuhiro Nakayama, Sadahiko Iwamoto, Wanpen Thurakitwannakarn and Wasana Sukhumsirichart

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:27

    Content type: Research

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  13. The Kana Pick-out Test (KPT), which uses Kana or Japanese symbols that represent syllables, requires parallel processing of discrete (pick-out) and continuous (reading) dual tasks. As a dual task, the KPT is thou...

    Authors: Atsumichi Tachibana, J. Adam Noah, Shaw Bronner, Yumie Ono, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Masami Niwa, Kazuko Watanabe and Minoru Onozuka

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:26

    Content type: Research

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  14. This study explored the association between three measures of working memory ability and genetic variation in a range of catecholamine genes in a sample of children with ADHD.

    Authors: Natasha Matthews, Alasdair Vance, Tarrant D R Cummins, Joseph Wagner, Amanda Connolly, Jacqueline Yamada, Paul J Lockhart, Ajay Panwar, Robyn H Wallace and Mark A Bellgrove

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:25

    Content type: Research

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  15. The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamin; 5-HT) system has a central role in the circuitry of cognition and emotions. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that genetic variation in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4;

    Authors: Eva Lindholm Carlström, Peter Saetre, Anders Rosengren, Johan H Thygesen, Srdjan Djurovic, Ingrid Melle, Ole A Andreassen, Thomas Werge, Ingrid Agartz, Håkan Hall, Lars Terenius and Erik G Jönsson

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:24

    Content type: Research

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  16. RGS17 and RGS20 encode two members of the regulator of G-protein signaling RGS-Rz subfamily. Variation in these genes may alter their transcription and thereby influence the function of G protein-coupled receptor...

    Authors: Huiping Zhang, Fan Wang, Henry R Kranzler, Raymond F Anton and Joel Gelernter

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:23

    Content type: Research

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  17. Dysregulation of noradrenergic system may play important roles in pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined the relationship between polymorphisms in the norepinephrine tr...

    Authors: Subin Park, Jae-Won Kim, Young-Hui Yang, Soon-Beom Hong, Min-Hyeon Park, Boong-Nyun Kim, Min-Sup Shin, Hee-Jeong Yoo and Soo-Churl Cho

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:22

    Content type: Research

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  18. Sonchus asper (SA) is traditionally used as a folk medicine to treat mental disorders in Pakistan. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of polyphenolic rich methanolic fraction of SA on cognitive p...

    Authors: Rahmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Rashid Khan and Sumaira Sahreen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:21

    Content type: Research

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  19. The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) modulates executive functions, learning, and emotional processing, all of which are impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Our previous findings sugge...

    Authors: Joe A Hettinger, Xudong Liu, Melissa L Hudson, Alana Lee, Ira L Cohen, Ron C Michaelis, Charles E Schwartz, Suzanne ME Lewis and Jeanette JA Holden

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:19

    Content type: Research

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  20. Several studies have hypothesized that genes regulating the components of the serotonin system, including serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) and serotonin 1 B receptor (5-HT1B), may be associated with alcoholism, b...

    Authors: Tzu-Yun Wang, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shiou-Lan Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Shih-Heng Chen, Chun-Hsien Chu, San-Yuan Huang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chen-Lin Wang, I Hui Lee, Tzung Lieh Yeh, Yen Kuang Yang and Ru-Band Lu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:18

    Content type: Research

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  21. The deterioration of the central cholinergic system in aging is hypothesized to underlie declines in several cognitive domains, including memory and executive functions. However, there is surprisingly little d...

    Authors: Marielle Young-Bernier, Yael Kamil, François Tremblay and Patrick S R Davidson

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:17

    Content type: Research

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  22. Apathy is frequently observed in numerous neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, as well as neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia. Apathy is defined as a lack of motivation...

    Authors: Keri Martinowich, Kathleen M Cardinale, Robert J Schloesser, Michael Hsu, Nigel H Greig and Husseini K Manji

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:15

    Content type: Research

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  23. During normal semantic processing, the left hemisphere (LH) is suggested to restrict right hemisphere (RH) performance via interhemispheric suppression. However, a lesion in the LH or the use of concurrent tas...

    Authors: Erin R Smith-Conway, Helen J Chenery, Anthony J Angwin and David A Copland

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:14

    Content type: Research

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  24. The aim of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study at 3 T was to investigate the influence of the verbal-visual cognitive style on cerebral activation patterns during mental arithmetic. ...

    Authors: Sabrina Zarnhofer, Verena Braunstein, Franz Ebner, Karl Koschutnig, Christa Neuper, Gernot Reishofer and Anja Ischebeck

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:13

    Content type: Research

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  25. Tardive dyskinesia remains an elusive and significant clinical entity that can possibly be understood via experimentation with animal models. We conducted a literature review on tardive dyskinesia modeling. Su...

    Authors: Pierre J Blanchet, Marie-Thérèse Parent, Pierre H Rompré and Daniel Lévesque

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:12

    Content type: Review

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  26. Ghrelin (GHRL) is a pivotal peptide regulator of food intake, energy balance, and body mass. Weight gain (WG) is a common side effect of the atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) used to treat schizophrenia (SZ). Ghreli...

    Authors: Yongfeng Yang, Wenqiang Li, Jingyuan Zhao, Hongxing Zhang, Xueqin Song, Bo Xiao, Ge Yang, Chengdi Jiang, Dai Zhang, Weihua Yue and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:11

    Content type: Research

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  27. Although deficits of attentional set-shifting have been reported in individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), it is rarely examined in animal models.

    Authors: Ai-hua Cao, Lin Yu, Yu-wei Wang, Jun-mei Wang, Le-jin Yang and Ge-fei Lei

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:10

    Content type: Research

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  28. Anxiety is relatively common in depression and capable of modifying the severity and course of depression. Yet our understanding of how anxiety modulates frontal and limbic activation in depression is limited.

    Authors: Michael W Schlund, Guillermo Verduzco, Michael F Cataldo and Rudolf Hoehn-Saric

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:8

    Content type: Short paper

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  29. Converging evidence revealed that facial expressions are processed automatically. Recently, there is evidence that facial expressions might elicit the visual mismatch negativity (MMN), expression MMN (EMMN), r...

    Authors: Xiying Li, Yongli Lu, Gang Sun, Lei Gao and Lun Zhao

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:7

    Content type: Research

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  30. The synapse-associated protein 97 gene (SAP97) encodes a regulatory scaffold protein for the localization of L-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA), kainate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (N...

    Authors: Akihito Uezato, Junko Kimura-Sato, Naoki Yamamoto, Yoshimi Iijima, Hiroshi Kunugi and Toru Nishikawa

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:2

    Content type: Research

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  31. The objective of this study was to scrutinize number line estimation behaviors displayed by children in mathematics classrooms during the first three years of schooling. We extend existing research by not only...

    Authors: Sonia LJ White and Dénes Szűcs

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:1

    Content type: Research

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  32. It is well established that COMT is a strong candidate gene for substance use disorder and schizophrenia. Recently we identified two SNPs in COMT (rs4680 and rs165774) that are associated with schizophrenia in an...

    Authors: Joanne Voisey, Christopher D Swagell, Ian P Hughes, Bruce R Lawford, Ross MD Young and C Phillip Morris

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:51

    Content type: Research

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  33. Epidemiological studies have indicated that maternal infection during pregnancy may lead to a higher incidence of schizophrenia in the offspring. It is assumed that the maternal infection increases the immune ...

    Authors: Xueqin Song, Wenqiang Li, Yongfeng Yang, Jingping Zhao, Chengdi Jiang, Wei Li and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:50

    Content type: Research

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  34. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder characterised by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is a well-character...

    Authors: Jacqueline S Womersley, Jennifer H Hsieh, Lauriston A Kellaway, Greg A Gerhardt and Vivienne A Russell

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:49

    Content type: Research

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  35. Physiological and environmental variables, or covariates, can account for an important portion of the variability observed in behavioural/physiological results from different laboratories even when using the s...

    Authors: Regina López-Aumatell, Esther Martínez-Membrives, Elia Vicens-Costa, Toni Cañete, Gloria Blázquez, Carme Mont-Cardona, Martina Johannesson, Jonathan Flint, Adolf Tobeña and Alberto Fernández-Teruel

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:48

    Content type: Research

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  36. Recent advances in cell biology and gene regulation suggest mechanisms whereby associative learning could be performed by single cells. Therefore, we explored a model of classical conditioning in human macroph...

    Authors: Gustav Nilsonne, Alva Appelgren, John Axelsson, Mats Fredrikson and Mats Lekander

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:47

    Content type: Short paper

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  37. Fatigue is a common symptom in both sick and healthy people. We examined autonomic nervous alterations associated with fatigue to clarify the mechanisms underlying fatigue.

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Kei Mizuno, Kouzi Yamaguti, Hirohiko Kuratsune, Akira Fujii, Hiromichi Baba, Kazuya Matsuda, Ayako Nishimae, Toshio Takesaka and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:46

    Content type: Research

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  38. Triplet repeats contribute to normal variation in behavioral traits and when expanded, cause brain disorders. While Huntington's Disease is known to be caused by a CAG triplet repeat in the gene Huntingtin, th...

    Authors: Peg Nopoulos, Eric A Epping, Tom Wassink, Bradley L Schlaggar and Joel Perlmutter

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:45

    Content type: Short paper

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  39. Schizophrenia is a heritable disorder, however clear genetic architecture has not been detected. To overcome this state of uncertainty, the SZGene database has been established by including all published case-...

    Authors: Atsushi Tsutsumi, Stephen J Glatt, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Seiya Kawashige, Hiroyuki Uenishi, Akira Hokyo, Takao Kaneko, Makiko Moritani, Hiroki Kikuyama, Jun Koh, Hitoshi Matsumura and Hiroshi Yoneda

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2011 7:43

    Content type: Research

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