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  1. Neurosteroids are synthesized in the brain and modulate brain excitability. There is increasing evidence of their sedative, anesthetic and antiseizure properties, as well as their influence on mood. Currently ...

    Authors: Mauro Giovanni Carta, Krishna M Bhat and Antonio Preti
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:61
  2. Among the most robust neural abnormalities differentiating individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) from typically developing controls are elevated levels of slow oscillatory activity (...

    Authors: Steven Woltering, Jessica Jung, Zhongxu Liu and Rosemary Tannock
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:60
  3. Deficient operant extinction has been hypothesized to be constitutive of ADHD dysfunction. In order to elucidate the behavioral mechanisms underlying this deficit, the performance of an animal model of ADHD, t...

    Authors: Ryan J Brackney, Timothy HC Cheung, Katrina Herbst, Jade C Hill and Federico Sanabria
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:59
  4. Different models of cortical lesion lead to different effects on plasticity of connections and loss of function. In opposition to ischemia, cortical lesion made by ablation does not induce significant adaptive...

    Authors: Helder Teixeira de Freitas, Viviane Gomes da Silva and Arthur Giraldi-Guimarães
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:58
  5. Mutations of the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene have reportedly been associated with Parkinson disease (PD) in various ethnic populations such as Singaporean, Japanese, Formosan, Canadian, American, Portuguese,...

    Authors: Youpei Wang, Ling Liu, Jing Xiong, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Lan Yu, Chunnuan Chen, Jinsha Huang, Zhentao Zhang, Asrah A Mohmed, Zhicheng Lin, Nian Xiong and Tao Wang
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:57
  6. Previous reports suggest that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplements may reduce ADHD-like behaviour. Our aim was to investigate potential effects of n-3 PUFA supplementation in an animal ...

    Authors: Kine S Dervola, Bjørg Å Roberg, Grete Wøien, Inger Lise Bogen, Torbjørn H Sandvik, Terje Sagvolden, Christian A Drevon, Espen Borgå Johansen and Sven Ivar Walaas
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:56
  7. Possible interactions between nervous and immune systems in neuro-psychiatric disorders remain elusive. Levels of brain dopamine transporter (DAT) have been implicated in several impulse-control disorders, lik...

    Authors: Walter Adriani, Susanne Koot, Sandra Columba-Cabezas, Emilia Romano, Domenica Travaglini, Ruud van den Bos, Oleg Granstrem, Syed F Ali and Giovanni Laviola
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:54
  8. Recent clinical studies revealed emotional and cognitive impairments associated with absence epilepsy. Preclinical research with genetic models of absence epilepsy however have primarily focused on dysfunction...

    Authors: Ayşe Karson, Tijen Utkan, Fuat Balcı, Feyza Arıcıoğlu and Nurbay Ateş
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:51

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:12

  9. Human time perception is influenced by various factors such as attention and drowsiness. Nevertheless, the impact of cerebral vigilance fluctuations on temporal perception has not been sufficiently explored. W...

    Authors: Juliane Minkwitz, Maja U Trenner, Christian Sander, Sebastian Olbrich, Abigail J Sheldrick, Ulrich Hegerl and Hubertus Himmerich
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:50
  10. Fatigue can be classified as mental and physical depending on its cause, and eachtype of fatigue has a multi-factorial nature. We examined the effect of mentalfatigue on the central nervous system using electr...

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Yoshihito Shigihara, Akira Ishii, Masami Funakura, Etsuko Kanai and Yasuyoshi Watanabe
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:48
  11. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) are necessary for the proper development of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, which are key activators of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gon...

    Authors: Leah R Brooks, Carter Duyet V Le, Wilson C Chung and Pei-San Tsai
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:47
  12. No reliable anatomical or functional alterations have been confirmed in psychiatric neuroimaging; however it can become reliable with translational impact on clinical practice when considering crucial methodol...

    Authors: Stefan Borgwardt, Joaquim Radua, Andrea Mechelli and Paolo Fusar-Poli
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:46
  13. Few studies have been previously published about the resting state brain activity in young chronic smokers, although many previous fMRI studies have shown that the task-related activity pattern is altered in c...

    Authors: Jinsong Tang, Yanhui Liao, Qijian Deng, Tieqiao Liu, Xiaogang Chen, Xuyi Wang, Xiaojun Xiang, Hongxian Chen and Wei Hao
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:44
  14. We studied the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 (GRM3) gene on brain N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentrations and executive function (EF) skills in non-s...

    Authors: Yan Xia, Dongying Ma, Jian Hu, Chunling Tang, Zheng Wu, Lei Liu and Feng Xin
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:42
  15. Attention disengagement is reportedly influenced by perceiving a fearful facial expression even in the first year of life. In the present study, we examined whether individual differences in disengaging from f...

    Authors: Atsuko Nakagawa and Masune Sukigara
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:40
  16. By use of purer indices of PM and RM components than previous studies and adoption of three PM task types, the present study aimed to investigate the deficits of these two components underlying global impairme...

    Authors: Ting Zhou, Lucas S Broster, Yang Jiang, Feng Bao, Huali Wang and Juan Li
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:39
  17. Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS, MIM#192430, 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome) is a genetic disorder caused by a deletion of about 40 genes at the q11.2 band of one copy of chromosome 22. Individuals with VCFS pres...

    Authors: Petya D Radoeva, Ioana L Coman, Kevin M Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Christopher S McCarthy, Ashwini Kotkar, Dongliang Wang, Robert J Shprintzen and Wendy R Kates
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:38
  18. The experience of spatial presence (SP), i.e., the sense of being present in a virtual environment, emerges if an individual perceives himself as 1) if he were actually located (self-location) and 2) able to act ...

    Authors: Michael Havranek, Nicolas Langer, Marcus Cheetham and Lutz Jäncke
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:34
  19. Repeated morphine exposure can induce behavioral sensitization. There are evidences have shown that central gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system is involved in morphine dependence. However, the effect of a GABAB

    Authors: Zhenyu Fu, Hongfa Yang, Yuqiang Xiao, Gang Zhao and Haiyan Huang
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:20
  20. Mathematics anxiety (MA), a state of discomfort associated with performing mathematical tasks, is thought to affect a notable proportion of the school age population. Some research has indicated that MA negati...

    Authors: Amy Devine, Kayleigh Fawcett, Dénes Szűcs and Ann Dowker
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:33
  21. Heavy binge drinking is increasingly frequent among adolescents, and consumption of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is often combined with ethanol (EtOH). The long-lasting effects of intermittent expo...

    Authors: Antonio Vidal-Infer, Maria A. Aguilar, Jose Miñarro and Marta Rodríguez-Arias
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:32
  22. Dopamine receptor D 4 (DRD4) polymorphisms have been associated with a number of psychiatric disorders, but little is known about the mechanism of these associations. DNA met...

    Authors: Sophia J. Docherty, Oliver S. P. Davis, Claire M. A. Haworth, Robert Plomin, Ursula D’Souza and Jonathan Mill
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:31
  23. Previous studies have demonstrated a profound lack of habituation in 129P3 mice compared to the habituating, but initially more anxious, BALB/c mice. The present study investigated whether this non-adaptive ph...

    Authors: Amber R. Salomons, Nathaly Espitia Pinzon, Hetty Boleij, Susanne Kirchhoff, Saskia S. Arndt, Rebecca E. Nordquist, Lothar Lindemann, Georg Jaeschke, Will Spooren and Frauke Ohl
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:30
  24. Neurological abnormalities have been reported in people with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). The current study aimed to examine the prevalence of neurological soft signs (NSS) in this clinical group...

    Authors: Hui-jie Li, Peng-yun Wang, Yang Jiang, Raymond C. K. Chan, Hua-li Wang and Juan Li
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:29
  25. Genetic research of schizophrenia (SCZ) based on the nuclear genome model (NGM) has been one of the most active areas in psychiatry for the past two decades. Although this effort is ongoing, the current situat...

    Authors: Nagafumi Doi, Yoko Hoshi, Masanari Itokawa, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tomoe Ichikawa, Makoto Arai, Chie Usui and Hirokazu Tachikawa
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:28
  26. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) combined with brain imaging as a quantitative trait analysis revealed that the SNPs near CTXN3-SLC12A2 region were related to forebrain development and stress response which...

    Authors: Benjaporn Panichareon, Kazuhiro Nakayama, Sadahiko Iwamoto, Wanpen Thurakitwannakarn and Wasana Sukhumsirichart
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:27
  27. The Kana Pick-out Test (KPT), which uses Kana or Japanese symbols that represent syllables, requires parallel processing of discrete (pick-out) and continuous (reading) dual tasks. As a dual task, the KPT is thou...

    Authors: Atsumichi Tachibana, J. Adam Noah, Shaw Bronner, Yumie Ono, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Masami Niwa, Kazuko Watanabe and Minoru Onozuka
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:26
  28. This study explored the association between three measures of working memory ability and genetic variation in a range of catecholamine genes in a sample of children with ADHD.

    Authors: Natasha Matthews, Alasdair Vance, Tarrant D R Cummins, Joseph Wagner, Amanda Connolly, Jacqueline Yamada, Paul J Lockhart, Ajay Panwar, Robyn H Wallace and Mark A Bellgrove
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:25
  29. The serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamin; 5-HT) system has a central role in the circuitry of cognition and emotions. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that genetic variation in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4;

    Authors: Eva Lindholm Carlström, Peter Saetre, Anders Rosengren, Johan H Thygesen, Srdjan Djurovic, Ingrid Melle, Ole A Andreassen, Thomas Werge, Ingrid Agartz, Håkan Hall, Lars Terenius and Erik G Jönsson
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:24
  30. RGS17 and RGS20 encode two members of the regulator of G-protein signaling RGS-Rz subfamily. Variation in these genes may alter their transcription and thereby influence the function of G protein-coupled receptor...

    Authors: Huiping Zhang, Fan Wang, Henry R Kranzler, Raymond F Anton and Joel Gelernter
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:23
  31. Dysregulation of noradrenergic system may play important roles in pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined the relationship between polymorphisms in the norepinephrine tr...

    Authors: Subin Park, Jae-Won Kim, Young-Hui Yang, Soon-Beom Hong, Min-Hyeon Park, Boong-Nyun Kim, Min-Sup Shin, Hee-Jeong Yoo and Soo-Churl Cho
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:22
  32. Sonchus asper (SA) is traditionally used as a folk medicine to treat mental disorders in Pakistan. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of polyphenolic rich methanolic fraction of SA on cognitive p...

    Authors: Rahmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Rashid Khan and Sumaira Sahreen
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:21
  33. The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) modulates executive functions, learning, and emotional processing, all of which are impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Our previous findings sugge...

    Authors: Joe A Hettinger, Xudong Liu, Melissa L Hudson, Alana Lee, Ira L Cohen, Ron C Michaelis, Charles E Schwartz, Suzanne ME Lewis and Jeanette JA Holden
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:19
  34. Several studies have hypothesized that genes regulating the components of the serotonin system, including serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) and serotonin 1 B receptor (5-HT1B), may be associated with alcoholism, b...

    Authors: Tzu-Yun Wang, Sheng-Yu Lee, Shiou-Lan Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Shih-Heng Chen, Chun-Hsien Chu, San-Yuan Huang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chen-Lin Wang, I Hui Lee, Tzung Lieh Yeh, Yen Kuang Yang and Ru-Band Lu
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:18
  35. The deterioration of the central cholinergic system in aging is hypothesized to underlie declines in several cognitive domains, including memory and executive functions. However, there is surprisingly little d...

    Authors: Marielle Young-Bernier, Yael Kamil, François Tremblay and Patrick S R Davidson
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:17
  36. Apathy is frequently observed in numerous neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, as well as neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia. Apathy is defined as a lack of motivation...

    Authors: Keri Martinowich, Kathleen M Cardinale, Robert J Schloesser, Michael Hsu, Nigel H Greig and Husseini K Manji
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:15
  37. During normal semantic processing, the left hemisphere (LH) is suggested to restrict right hemisphere (RH) performance via interhemispheric suppression. However, a lesion in the LH or the use of concurrent tas...

    Authors: Erin R Smith-Conway, Helen J Chenery, Anthony J Angwin and David A Copland
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:14
  38. The aim of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study at 3 T was to investigate the influence of the verbal-visual cognitive style on cerebral activation patterns during mental arithmetic. ...

    Authors: Sabrina Zarnhofer, Verena Braunstein, Franz Ebner, Karl Koschutnig, Christa Neuper, Gernot Reishofer and Anja Ischebeck
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:13
  39. Tardive dyskinesia remains an elusive and significant clinical entity that can possibly be understood via experimentation with animal models. We conducted a literature review on tardive dyskinesia modeling. Su...

    Authors: Pierre J Blanchet, Marie-Thérèse Parent, Pierre H Rompré and Daniel Lévesque
    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2012 8:12

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