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Table 1 Used music with average rated valence and intensity

From: Verbal learning in the context of background music: no influence of vocals and instrumentals on verbal learning

  Duration (s) Valence Intensity
Vocal music (strong subjective intensity)    
(Peter Fox) Alles Neu 258 5.38 5.07
(Die Toten Hosen) Bonnie und Clyde 211 5.79 5.38
(Die Fantastischen Vier) Troy 210 5.33 5.58
(Die Ärzte) Junge 188 5.00 5.80
(Xavier Naidoo) Sie sieht mich nicht 267 6.47 5.26
Vocal music (weak subjective intensity)    
(Gisbert zu Knyphausen) Spieglein, Spieglein 160 5.21 4.69
(Die Söhne Mannheims) IzOn 298 5.14 4.55
(Die Fantastischen Vier) Tag am Meer 255 5.04 3.89
(Freundeskreis) Anna 366 5.38 4.72
(Wir sind Helden) Ode an die Arbeit 223 5.41 4.24
Instrumental (strong subjective intensity)    
(Howard Show) Anduril 159 5.40 5.10
(Holst) The Planets - Jupiter, the Bringer 480 6.42 6.55
(Alvfen) Midsommarvaka 540 5.46 5.14
(Klaus Badelt) The Medallion Calls 112 5.50 5.80
Instrumental (weak subjective intensity)    
(John Williams) Nocturnal Activities 360 5.40 3.90
(Bill Conti) Fanfare for Rocky 155 5.20 4.60
(John Williams) Scherzo for Motorcycle and Orchestra 169 5.30 4.40
(John Williams and William Ross) Reunion of Friends 300 5.70 4.40
(New Worlds Orchestra) Many Meetings – Soundtrack of Lord of the Rings 194 5.40 4.80
  1. (intensity: “1” = not at all arousing, “9” = very strongly arousing; valence: “1” = not at all liking, “9” = very strongly liking).