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  1. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of astaxanthin (AST) on cognition function, inflammatory response and oxidative stress in vascular dementia (VD) mice.

    Authors: Ningwei Zhu, Xiao Liang, Ming Zhang, Xiaolan Yin, Hui Yang, Yajun Zhi, Guizhen Ying, Jialing Zou, Lei Chen, Xiaokun Yao and Hongwei Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:10

    Content type: Research

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  2. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons leading to dopamine depletion and problems of movement, emotions, and cog...

    Authors: Dina M. Monir, Motamed E. Mahmoud, Omyma G. Ahmed, Ibrahim F. Rehan and Amany Abdelrahman

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:9

    Content type: Research

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  3. Previous studies have shown that seizures can cause cognitive disorders. On the other hand, the Curcuma zedoaria (CZ) has beneficial effects on the nervous system. However, there is little information on the poss...

    Authors: Touran Mahmoudi, Zahra Lorigooini, Mahmoud Rafieian-kopaei, Mehran Arabi, Zahra Rabiei, Elham Bijad and Sedigheh Kazemi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:7

    Content type: Research

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  4. Glutamatergic AMPA and NMDA receptors in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are central for cocaine first exposure and posterior craving maintenance. However, the exact rules that coordinate the synaptic dynamic...

    Authors: Thiago C. Moulin and Helgi B. Schiöth

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:6

    Content type: Hypothesis

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  5. Maternal depression can influence the early activity of a mother reading stories to a young child, as depressed mothers are less likely to read to their children. Here, maternal depression association to neuro...

    Authors: Rola Farah, Paige Greenwood, Johnathan Dudley, John Hutton, Robert T. Ammerman, Kieran Phelan, Scott Holland and Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:5

    Content type: Research

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  6. Chemokine C–C motif ligand 2 (CCL2) is one of the most widely recognised proinflammatory chemokines in cognitive disorders. Currently, CCL2-targeting drugs are extremely limited. Thus, this study aimed to expl...

    Authors: Jiang-yi Long, Jian-min Chen, Yuan-jun Liao, Yi-jun Zhou, Bing-yu Liang and Yan Zhou

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:4

    Content type: Research

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  7. Unlike the emphasis on negative results of video games such as the impulsive engagement in video games, cognitive training studies in individuals with cognitive deficits showed that characteristics of video ga...

    Authors: Eunhye Choi, Suk-Ho Shin, Jeh-Kwang Ryu, Kyu-In Jung, Shin-Young Kim and Min-Hyeon Park

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2020 16:2

    Content type: Review

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  8. Traumatic injury (TI) during pregnancy increases the risk for developing neurological disorders in the infants. These disorders are a major concern for the well-being of children born after TI during pregnancy...

    Authors: Ved Chauhan and Abha Chauhan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:11

    Content type: Short Paper

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  9. Age-dependent alterations of hormonal states have been considered to be involved in age related decline of cognitive abilities. Most of the studies in animal models are based on hormonal substitution in adrena...

    Authors: Jovana Maliković, Daniel Daba Feyissa, Predrag Kalaba, Babak Saber Marouf, Harald Höger, Michaela F. Hartmann, Stefan A. Wudy, Gerhard Schuler, Gert Lubec, Jana Aradska and Volker Korz

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:10

    Content type: Research

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  10. Bisphenol A (BPA), a major endocrine disruptor and a xenobiotic compound is used abundantly in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Human exposure to this compound is primarily via its le...

    Authors: Hareram Birla, Chetan Keswani, Sachchida Nand Rai, Saumitra Sen Singh, Walia Zahra, Hagera Dilnashin, Aaina Singh Rathore and Surya Pratap Singh

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:9

    Content type: Research

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  11. Dexterous tool use is considered to be underpinned by model-based control relying on acquired internal models of tools. In particular, this is the case in situations where available sensory feedback regarding ...

    Authors: Sayako Ueda, Hiroyuki Sakai, Kenichi Ueno, Kang Cheng and Takatsune Kumada

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:8

    Content type: Research

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  12. Our understanding of the networks of genes and protein functions involved in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) remains incomplete, as do the mechanisms by which these networks lead to AUD phenotypes. The fruit fly (Dros...

    Authors: Gregory L. Engel, Kreager Taber, Elizabeth Vinton and Amanda J. Crocker

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:7

    Content type: Review

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  13. Language has the power to shape cognition, behavior, and even the form and function of the brain. Technological and scientific developments have recently yielded an increasingly diverse set of tools with which...

    Authors: Sayuri Hayakawa and Viorica Marian

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:6

    Content type: Review

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  14. Motor cortex stimulation (MCS) is an effective therapy for refractory neuropathic pain. MCS increases the nociceptive threshold in healthy rats via endogenous opioids, inhibiting thalamic nuclei and activating...

    Authors: Patrícia Sanae Souza Lopes, Ana Carolina Pinheiro Campos, Erich Talamoni Fonoff, Luiz Roberto Giorgetti Britto and Rosana Lima Pagano

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:5

    Content type: Research

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  15. Difficult cognitive tasks are often associated with negative feelings. This can be already the case for the mere anticipation of having to do a difficult task. For the case of difficult math tasks, it was rece...

    Authors: Elise Klein, Silke M. Bieck, Johannes Bloechle, Stefan Huber, Julia Bahnmueller, Klaus Willmes and Korbinian Moeller

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:4

    Content type: Research

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  16. Maternal immune activation (MIA) during gestation can increase the later risk of schizophrenia in adult offspring. Neuroinflammation is believed to underlie this process. Postmortem brain studies have found ch...

    Authors: Shuang Ding, Yunqing Hu, Binbin Luo, Yaqi Cai, Keke Hao, Yongfeng Yang, Yan Zhang, Xiujuan Wang, Minli Ding, Hongxing Zhang, Wenqiang Li and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:3

    Content type: Research

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  17. Signs of pervasive developmental disorder and social deficits were reported in toddlers and children whose mothers were exposed to organophosphate pesticides during pregnancy. Deficits in social preference wer...

    Authors: Anat Lan, Daniel Stein, Miguel Portillo, Debra Toiber and Ora Kofman

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2019 15:2

    Content type: Research

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  18. Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. This disease affects significantly the overall patient functioni...

    Authors: C. Schiappa, S. Scarpelli, A. D’Atri, M. Gorgoni and Luigi De Gennaro

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:19

    Content type: Review

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  19. Task switch protocols are frequently used in the assessment of cognitive control, both in clinical and non-clinical populations. These protocols frequently confound task switch and attentional set shift. The c...

    Authors: Aquiles Luna-Rodriguez, Mike Wendt, Julia Kerner auch Koerner, Caterina Gawrilow and Thomas Jacobsen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:18

    Content type: Research

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  20. Chronic social defeat stress induces depression and anxiety-like behaviors in rodents and also responsible for differentiating defeated animals into stress susceptible and resilient groups. The present study i...

    Authors: Vishwanath Vasudev Prabhu, Thong Ba Nguyen, Yin Cui, Young-Eun Oh, Keon-Hak Lee, Tarique R. Bagalkot and Young-Chul Chung

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:16

    Content type: Research

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  21. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavioral disorder that mainly refers to a recurrent pattern of disobedient, defiant, negativistic and hostile behaviors toward authority figures. Previous studies hav...

    Authors: Chang-Hong Wang, Qiu-Fen Ning, Cong Liu, Ting-Ting Lv, En-Zhao Cong, Jing-Yang Gu, Ying-Li Zhang, Hui-Yao Nie, Xiao-Li Zhang, Yan Li, Xiang-Yang Zhang and Lin-Yan Su

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:15

    Content type: Research

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  22. Estrogen deficiency is linked to changes in several physiological processes, but the extent to which it associates with cognitive changes in menopause context is controversial.

    Authors: Sefirin Djiogue, Armando Blondel Djiyou Djeuda, Paul Faustin Seke Etet, Germain Jean Magloire Ketcha Wanda, Rudig Nikanor Djikem Tadah and Dieudonne Njamen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:14

    Content type: Research

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  23. With increased social pressure, individuals face a high risk of depression. Subsequently, depression affects cognitive behaviour and negatively impacts daily life. Fortunately, the Traditional Chinese Medicine...

    Authors: Shuhui Zhang, Xiaodong Liu, Mingzhu Sun, Qiuping Zhang, Teng Li, Xiang Li, Jia Xu, Xin Zhao, Dongyan Chen and Xizeng Feng

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:13

    Content type: Research

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  24. Predatory stress as a psychological stressor can elicit the activation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis, which is involved in the dialogue of the neuroimmunoendocrine network. The brain has bee...

    Authors: Jiacai Yang, Lin Zhang, Jian-ping Dai, Jun Zeng, Xiao-xuan Chen, Ze-feng Xie, Kang-sheng Li and Yun Su

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  25. Diagnostic guidelines recommend using a variety of methods to assess and diagnose ADHD. Applying subjective measures always incorporates risks such as informant biases or large differences between ratings obta...

    Authors: Theresa S. Emser, Blair A. Johnston, J. Douglas Steele, Sandra Kooij, Lisa Thorell and Hanna Christiansen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:11

    Content type: Research

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  26. Adverse early-life experiences have been suggested as one of the key contributors to neurodevelopmental disorders, such that these experiences influence brain development, cognitive ability and mental health. ...

    Authors: Hongyu Xu, Yuqin Ye, Yelu Hao, Fei Shi, Zhiqiang Yan, Guohao Yuan, Yuefan Yang, Zhou Fei and Xiaosheng He

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  27. Recent research indicates that processing proportion magnitude is associated with activation in the intraparietal sulcus. Thus, brain areas associated with the processing of numbers (i.e., absolute magnitude) ...

    Authors: Julia Mock, Stefan Huber, Johannes Bloechle, Julia F. Dietrich, Julia Bahnmueller, Johannes Rennig, Elise Klein and Korbinian Moeller

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:9

    Content type: Research

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  28. Interference resolution refers to cognitive control processes enabling one to focus on task-related information while filtering out unrelated information. But the exact neural areas, which underlie a specific ...

    Authors: Yuqin Deng, Xiaochun Wang, Yan Wang and Chenglin Zhou

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:8

    Content type: Research

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  29. Following a social defeat, the balanced establishment and extinction of aversive information is a beneficial strategy for individual survival. Abnormal establishment or extinction is implicated in the developm...

    Authors: Chu-Chu Qi, Qing-Jun Wang, Xue-zhu Ma, Hai-Chao Chen, Li-Ping Gao, Jie Yin and Yu-Hong Jing

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  30. Action semantics have been investigated in relation to context violation but remain less examined in relation to the meaning of gestures. In the present study, we examined tool–gesture incongruity by event-rel...

    Authors: Yi-Tzu Chang, Hsiang-Yu Chen, Yuan-Chieh Huang, Wan-Yu Shih, Hsiao-Lung Chan, Ping-Yi Wu, Ling-Fu Meng, Chen-Chi Chen and Ching-I Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:6

    Content type: Research

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  31. Arithmetic processing in adults is known to rely on a frontal-parietal network. However, neurocognitive research focusing on the neural and behavioral correlates of arithmetic development has been scarce, even...

    Authors: Christina Artemenko, Mojtaba Soltanlou, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Hans-Christoph Nuerk and Thomas Dresler

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:5

    Content type: Research

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  32. The etiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is very heterogeneous. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been described in ASD; however, primary mitochondrial disease has been genetically proven in a small subset ...

    Authors: Noémi Ágnes Varga, Klára Pentelényi, Péter Balicza, András Gézsi, Viktória Reményi, Vivien Hársfalvi, Renáta Bencsik, Anett Illés, Csilla Prekop and Mária Judit Molnár

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:4

    Content type: Research

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  33. The original version of this article [1] unfortunately contained an error which has since been acknowledged in this Correction article. The URL link in the Reference 19 was broken and it needs to be replaced w...

    Authors: Renee Dufault, Roseanne Schnoll, Walter J. Lukiw, Blaise LeBlanc, Charles Cornett, Lyn Patrick, David Wallinga, Steven G. Gilbert and Raquel Crider

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:3

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Behavioral and Brain Functions 2009 5:44

  34. 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome associated with deficits in cognitive and emotional processing. This syndrome represents one of the highest risk factors for the development...

    Authors: Leah M. Mattiaccio, Ioana L. Coman, Carlie A. Thompson, Wanda P. Fremont, Kevin M. Antshel and Wendy R. Kates

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Schizophrenia (SZ) is a complex polygenic psychiatric disorder caused in part by abnormal dopamine levels. Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) 2 is known to protect and repair the dopaminergic system. Do...

    Authors: Yongfeng Yang, Hongyan Yu, Wenqiang Li, Bing Liu, Hongxing Zhang, Shuang Ding, Yanli Lu, Tianzi Jiang and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2018 14:1

    Content type: Research

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  36. Our previous research showed that 4 h of maternal anesthesia with isoflurane during early gestation in pregnant rats leads to a deficit in spatial memory of adult male offspring. Because spatial memory is pred...

    Authors: Arvind Palanisamy, Gregory Crosby and Deborah J. Culley

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:14

    Content type: Short paper

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  37. Most research on motivational processes in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been undertaken in Western Europe and North America. The extent to which these findings apply to other cultural gr...

    Authors: Emi Furukawa, Shizuka Shimabukuro, Brent Alsop and Gail Tripp

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:13

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Previous studies of patients with social anxiety have demonstrated abnormal early processing of facial stimuli in social contexts. In other words, patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) tend to exhibit en...

    Authors: Jianqin Cao, Quanying Liu, Yang Li, Jun Yang, Ruolei Gu, Jin Liang, Yanyan Qi, Haiyan Wu and Xun Liu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:12

    Content type: Research

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  39. Attention ability can be subdivided into three functionally independent networks, i.e., alerting network, orienting network, and executive network. Previous literature has documented that deficits in attention...

    Authors: Yi-quan Wang, Yang Pan, Sheng Zhu, Yong-guang Wang, Zhi-hua Shen and Kai Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:11

    Content type: Research

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  40. Green tea extract (GTE) has various health promoting effects on animals and humans. However, the effects of perinatal exposure to GTE on the behavioral aspects of offspring have not been elucidated thus far. G...

    Authors: Jamaan Ajarem, Gawaher Al Rashedi, Mohamed Mohany and Ahmed Allam

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:10

    Content type: Research

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  41. Although some effects of gene–gene interactions on nicotine–dopamine metabolism for smoking behavior have been reported, polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A6 and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) have not...

    Authors: Wei-Chih Ou, Yi-Chin Huang, Chih-Ling Huang, Min-Hsuan Lin, Yi-Chun Chen, Yi-Ju Chen, Chen-Nu Liu, Mei-Chih Chen, Ching-Shan Huang and Pei-Lain Chen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:8

    Content type: Research

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  42. Insular function has gradually become a topic of intense study in cognitive research. Recognition memory is a commonly studied type of memory in memory research. GABABR has been shown to be closely related to mem...

    Authors: Nan Wu, Feng Wang, Zhe Jin, Zhen Zhang, Lian-Kun Wang, Chun Zhang and Tao Sun

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Spatial normalization of brain images, a prerequisite for voxel based morphometry analysis, may account for the large variability of the volumetric data in medication overuse headache (MOH); possibly because t...

    Authors: M. Meyer, G. Di Scala, M. Edde, B. Dilharreguy, F. Radat, M. Allard and S. Chanraud

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:6

    Content type: Research

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  44. Plants of the genus Markhamia have been traditionally used by different tribes in various parts of West African countries, including Cameroun. Markhamia tomentosa (Benth.) K. Schum. (Bignoniaceae) is used as an a...

    Authors: Radu Ionita, Paula Alexandra Postu, Galba Jean Beppe, Marius Mihasan, Brindusa Alina Petre, Monica Hancianu, Oana Cioanca and Lucian Hritcu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a neurogenetic disorder that is associated with a 25-fold increase in schizophrenia. Both individuals with 22q11.2DS and those with schizophrenia present wit...

    Authors: Amy K. Olszewski, Zora Kikinis, Christie S. Gonzalez, Ioana L. Coman, Nikolaos Makris, Xue Gong, Yogesh Rathi, Anni Zhu, Kevin M. Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Marek R. Kubicki, Sylvain Bouix, Martha E. Shenton and Wendy R. Kates

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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