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  1. Research

    Cognitive behavioural therapy attenuates the enhanced early facial stimuli processing in social anxiety disorders: an ERP investigation

    Previous studies of patients with social anxiety have demonstrated abnormal early processing of facial stimuli in social contexts. In other words, patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) tend to exhibit en...

    Jianqin Cao, Quanying Liu, Yang Li, Jun Yang, Ruolei Gu, Jin Liang, Yanyan Qi, Haiyan Wu and Xun Liu

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:12

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  2. Research

    Selective impairments of alerting and executive control in HIV-infected patients: evidence from attention network test

    Attention ability can be subdivided into three functionally independent networks, i.e., alerting network, orienting network, and executive network. Previous literature has documented that deficits in attention...

    Yi-quan Wang, Yang Pan, Sheng Zhu, Yong-guang Wang, Zhi-hua Shen and Kai Wang

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:11

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  3. Research

    Sex differences in avoidance behavior after perceiving potential risk in mice

    Sex has been considered as a potential factor regulating individual behaviors in different contexts. Recently, findings on sex differences in the neuroendocrine circuit have expanded due to exact measurements ...

    Sayaka Yokota, Yusuke Suzuki, Keigo Hamami, Akiko Harada and Shoji Komai

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:9

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  4. Research

    Interaction between cytochrome P450 2A6 and Catechol-O-Methyltransferase genes and their association with smoking risk in young men

    Although some effects of gene–gene interactions on nicotine–dopamine metabolism for smoking behavior have been reported, polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A6 and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) have not...

    Wei-Chih Ou, Yi-Chin Huang, Chih-Ling Huang, Min-Hsuan Lin, Yi-Chun Chen, Yi-Ju Chen, Chen-Nu Liu, Mei-Chih Chen, Ching-Shan Huang and Pei-Lain Chen

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:8

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  5. Research

    Brain structural investigation and hippocampal tractography in medication overuse headache: a native space analysis

    Spatial normalization of brain images, a prerequisite for voxel based morphometry analysis, may account for the large variability of the volumetric data in medication overuse headache (MOH); possibly because t...

    M. Meyer, G. Di Scala, M. Edde, B. Dilharreguy, F. Radat, M. Allard and S. Chanraud

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:6

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  6. Research

    Cognitive-enhancing and antioxidant activities of the aqueous extract from Markhamia tomentosa (Benth.) K. Schum. stem bark in a rat model of scopolamine

    Plants of the genus Markhamia have been traditionally used by different tribes in various parts of West African countries, including Cameroun. Markhamia tomentosa (Benth.) K. Schum. (Bignoniaceae) is used as an a...

    Radu Ionita, Paula Alexandra Postu, Galba Jean Beppe, Marius Mihasan, Brindusa Alina Petre, Monica Hancianu, Oana Cioanca and Lucian Hritcu

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:5

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  7. Research

    The social brain network in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a diffusion tensor imaging study

    Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a neurogenetic disorder that is associated with a 25-fold increase in schizophrenia. Both individuals with 22q11.2DS and those with schizophrenia present wit...

    Amy K. Olszewski, Zora Kikinis, Christie S. Gonzalez, Ioana L. Coman, Nikolaos Makris, Xue Gong, Yogesh Rathi, Anni Zhu, Kevin M. Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Marek R. Kubicki, Sylvain Bouix, Martha E. Shenton and Wendy R. Kates

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:4

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  8. Research

    Logical fallacies in animal model research

    Animal models of human behavioural deficits involve conducting experiments on animals with the hope of gaining new knowledge that can be applied to humans. This paper aims to address risks, biases, and fallaci...

    Espen A. Sjoberg

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:3

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  9. Research

    Mothers’ pupillary responses to infant facial expressions

    Human parental care relies heavily on the ability to monitor and respond to a child’s affective states. The current study examined pupil diameter as a potential physiological index of mothers’ affective respon...

    Santeri Yrttiaho, Dana Niehaus, Eileen Thomas and Jukka M. Leppänen

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:2

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  10. Research

    Venlafaxine ameliorates the depression-like behaviors and hippocampal S100B expression in a rat depression model

    Accumulating evidence has indicated that S100B may be involved in the pathophysiology of depression. No published study has examined the effect of the antidepressant drug venlafaxine on S100B in animal models ...

    Chang-Hong Wang, Jing-Yang Gu, Xiao-Li Zhang, Jiao Dong, Jun Yang, Ying-Li Zhang, Qiu-Fen Ning, Xiao-Wen Shan and Yan Li

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:34

    Published on: 8 December 2016

  11. Research

    Scutellaria barbata flavonoids alleviate memory deficits and neuronal injuries induced by composited Aβ in rats

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Scutellaria barbata flavonoids (SBF) on memory impairment and neuronal injury induced by amyloid beta protein 25–35 in combination with aluminum tric...

    Xiao G. Wu, Shu S. Wang, Hong Miao, Jian J. Cheng, Shu F. Zhang and Ya Z. Shang

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:33

    Published on: 8 December 2016

  12. Research

    A functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of visual hallucinations in the human striate cortex

    Human beings frequently experience fear, phobia, migraine and hallucinations, however, the cerebral mechanisms underpinning these conditions remain poorly understood. Towards this goal, in this work, we aim to...

    Hina Abid, Fayyaz Ahmad, Soo Y. Lee, Hyun W. Park, Dongmi Im, Iftikhar Ahmad and Safee U. Chaudhary

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:31

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  13. Research

    Association of tryptophan hydroxylase-2 polymorphisms with oppositional defiant disorder in a Chinese Han population

    Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavioral disorder of school-age population. It is well known that 5-HT dysfunction is correlated with impulsivity, which is one of the common characteristics of ODD. ...

    Chang-Hong Wang, Cong Liu, En-Zhao Cong, Gai-Ling Xu, Ting-Ting Lv, Ying-Li Zhang, Qiu-Fen Ning, Ji-Kang Wang, Hui-Yao Nie and Yan Li

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:30

    Published on: 21 November 2016

  14. Review

    The role of C957T, TaqI and Ser311Cys polymorphisms of the DRD2 gene in schizophrenia: systematic review and meta-analysis

    The association between the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene and schizophrenia has been studied though no conclusive outcomes have been attained. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-...

    Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop, María Lilia López-Narváez, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Alma Genis-Mendoza and Mariela Alpuin-Reyes

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:29

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  15. Research

    Age, environment, object recognition and morphological diversity of GFAP-immunolabeled astrocytes

    Few studies have explored the glial response to a standard environment and how the response may be associated with age-related cognitive decline in learning and memory. Here we investigated aging and environme...

    Daniel Guerreiro Diniz, Marcus Augusto de Oliveira, Camila Mendes de Lima, César Augusto Raiol Fôro, Marcia Consentino Kronka Sosthenes, João Bento-Torres, Pedro Fernando da Costa Vasconcelos, Daniel Clive Anthony and Cristovam Wanderley Picanço Diniz

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:28

    Published on: 10 October 2016

  16. Research

    A non-targeted metabolite profiling pilot study suggests that tryptophan and lipid metabolisms are linked with ADHD-like behaviours in dogs

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent and multifactorial neuropsychiatric disorder in the human population worldwide. Complex etiology and clinical heterogeneity have challenged the re...

    Jenni Puurunen, Sini Sulkama, Katriina Tiira, Cesar Araujo, Marko Lehtonen, Kati Hanhineva and Hannes Lohi

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:27

    Published on: 29 September 2016

  17. Research

    Transgenerational effects of paternal heroin addiction on anxiety and aggression behavior in male offspring

    Heroin addiction is a growing concern, affecting the socioeconomic development of many countries. Little is known about transgenerational effects on phenotype changes due to heroin addiction. This study aims t...

    Mohd Zaki Farah Naquiah, Richard Johari James, Suraya Suratman, Lian Shien Lee, Mohd Izhar Mohd Hafidz, Mohd Zaki Salleh and Lay Kek Teh

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:23

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  18. Research

    Relationship among methadone dose, polymorphisms of dopamine D2 receptor and tri-dimensional personality questionnaire in heroin-addicted patients

    We investigated whether variation in the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) and tri-dimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ) scores could be used to aid adjustment of daily methadone requirements of heroin addic...

    Min-Wei Huang, Tai-An Chiang, Pei-Yu Lo and Ching-Shan Huang

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:24

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  19. Research

    Associations between the neuron-specific glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) Bcl-1 polymorphisms and suicide in cancer patients within the first year of diagnosis

    Cancer diagnosis is associated with an increased suicide risk, particularly within the first 1 year after diagnosis of cancer. Abnormal function of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis has been implicated i...

    Subin Park, Jin Pyo Hong, Jong-Keuk Lee, Young-Mi Park, Yangsoon Park, Juri Jeon, Myeong Hee Ahn and Se Chang Yoon

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:22

    Published on: 11 July 2016

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