Attention, learning and behavior: human studies

  1. Short report

    Behavioral sensitivity of Japanese children with and without ADHD to changing reinforcer availability: an experimental study using signal detection methodology

    Most research on motivational processes in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been undertaken in Western Europe and North America. The extent to which these findings apply to other cultural gr...

    Emi Furukawa, Shizuka Shimabukuro, Brent Alsop and Gail Tripp

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:13

    Published on: 25 September 2017

  2. Research

    Cognitive behavioural therapy attenuates the enhanced early facial stimuli processing in social anxiety disorders: an ERP investigation

    Previous studies of patients with social anxiety have demonstrated abnormal early processing of facial stimuli in social contexts. In other words, patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) tend to exhibit en...

    Jianqin Cao, Quanying Liu, Yang Li, Jun Yang, Ruolei Gu, Jin Liang, Yanyan Qi, Haiyan Wu and Xun Liu

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:12

    Published on: 28 July 2017

  3. Research

    Mothers’ pupillary responses to infant facial expressions

    Human parental care relies heavily on the ability to monitor and respond to a child’s affective states. The current study examined pupil diameter as a potential physiological index of mothers’ affective respon...

    Santeri Yrttiaho, Dana Niehaus, Eileen Thomas and Jukka M. Leppänen

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2017 13:2

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  4. Research

    A functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of visual hallucinations in the human striate cortex

    Human beings frequently experience fear, phobia, migraine and hallucinations, however, the cerebral mechanisms underpinning these conditions remain poorly understood. Towards this goal, in this work, we aim to...

    Hina Abid, Fayyaz Ahmad, Soo Y. Lee, Hyun W. Park, Dongmi Im, Iftikhar Ahmad and Safee U. Chaudhary

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:31

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  5. Research

    Neuropsychological and neurophysiological benefits from white noise in children with and without ADHD

    Optimal stimulation theory and moderate brain arousal (MBA) model hypothesize that extra-task stimulation (e.g. white noise) could improve cognitive functions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity d...

    Simon Baijot, Hichem Slama, Göran Söderlund, Bernard Dan, Paul Deltenre, Cécile Colin and Nicolas Deconinck

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:11

    Published on: 15 March 2016

  6. Research

    Multivariable analysis to determine if HIV-1 Tat dicysteine motif is associated with neurodevelopmental delay in HIV-infected children in Malawi

    HIV-1 Tat protein is implicated in HIV-neuropathogenesis. Tat C31S polymorphism (TatCS) has been associated with milder neuropathology in vitro and in animal models but this has not been addressed in a cohort of ...

    Jasmeen Dara, Anna Dow, Elizabeth Cromwell, Christa Buckheit Sturdevant, Macpherson Mallewa, Ronald Swanstrom, Annelies Van Rie and Vinayaka R. Prasad

    Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:38

    Published on: 17 December 2015