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  1. While Parkinson’s disease (PD) has traditionally been described as a movement disorder, there is growing evidence of disruption in emotion information processing associated with the disease. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Rajamanickam Yuvaraj, Murugappan Murugappan, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohd Iqbal Omar, Kenneth Sundaraj, Khairiyah Mohamad, Ramaswamy Palaniappan, Edgar Mesquita and Marimuthu Satiyan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:12

    Content type: Research

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  2. Human decision-making is often affected by prior selections and their outcomes, even in situations where decisions are independent and outcomes are unpredictable.

    Authors: Guangheng Dong, Xiao Lin, Hongli Zhou and Xiaoxia Du

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:11

    Content type: Research

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  3. Whether listening to background music enhances verbal learning performance is still a matter of dispute. In this study we investigated the influence of vocal and instrumental background music on verbal learning.

    Authors: Lutz Jäncke, Eliane Brügger, Moritz Brummer, Stephanie Scherrer and Nsreen Alahmadi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:10

    Content type: Research

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  4. One form of meditation intervention, the integrative body-mind training (IBMT) has been shown to improve attention, reduce stress and change self-reports of mood. In this paper we examine whether short-term IB...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Ding, Yi-Yuan Tang, Rongxiang Tang and Michael I Posner

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:9

    Content type: Research

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  5. Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) often present with apathy symptoms resembling the decreased motivation observed in depressed patients. Therefore, differentiating the initial phase of AD from late life d...

    Authors: Hisashi Kito, Akiko Ryokawa, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Daimei Sasayama, Nobuhiro Sugiyama, Tomomi Ogihara, Takehiko Yasaki, Tetsuya Hagiwara, Shin Inuzuka, Tohru Takahashi, Hirokazu Genno, Hiroshi Nose, Tokiji Hanihara, Shinsuke Washizuka and Naoji Amano

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:8

    Content type: Research

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  6. Neurodegenerative diseases remain a significant unresolved societal burden afflicting millions of people worldwide. Neurons in the brain are highly sensitive to oxidative stress, which can be induced by metal ...

    Authors: Lijuan Yu, Rong Jiang, Qiang Su, Huarong Yu and Junqing Yang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:6

    Content type: Research

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  7. Previous studies have found that the processing of repeated targets are easier than that of non-repetition. Although several theories attempt to explain this issue, the underlying mechanism still remains uncov...

    Authors: Guangheng Dong, Hongli Zhou, Xiao Lin, Yanbo Hu and Qilin Lu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:4

    Content type: Research

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  8. Forced swimming test (FST) is an animal model which evaluates behavioral despair and the effect of antidepressants such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; the FST modifies the expression of some r...

    Authors: Rosa-Elena Ulloa, Aliyeri Díaz-Valderrama, Jaime Herrera-Pérez, Martha León-Olea and Lucía Martínez-Mota

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:3

    Content type: Research

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  9. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder affecting 3-5% of children. Although ADHD is highly heritable, environmental factors like exposure during early development to various t...

    Authors: Espen Borgå Johansen, Frode Fonnum, Per L Lausund, S Ivar Walaas, Nora Elise Bærland, Grete Wøien and Terje Sagvolden

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:1

    Content type: Research

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  10. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common chronic neurodevelopmental disorder with a high heritability. Much evidence of hemisphere asymmetry has been found for ADHD probands from behavioral ...

    Authors: Lu Liu, Li Sun, Ze-Hua Li, Hai-Mei Li, Li-Ping Wei, Yu-Feng Wang and Qiu-Jin Qian

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:48

    Content type: Research

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  11. Interoception refers to the conscious perception of body signals. Mindfulness is a meditation practice that encourages individuals to focus on their internal experiences such as bodily sensations, thoughts, an...

    Authors: Margherita Melloni, Lucas Sedeño, Blas Couto, Martin Reynoso, Carlos Gelormini, Roberto Favaloro, Andrés Canales-Johnson, Mariano Sigman, Facundo Manes and Agustin Ibanez

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:47

    Content type: Short paper

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  12. Human and animals studies support the idea that there is a gender-related co-morbidity of pain-related and inflammatory gastrointestinal (GI) diseases with psychological disorders. This co-morbidity is the evi...

    Authors: Jia Luo, Tao Wang, Shan Liang, Xu Hu, Wei Li and Feng Jin

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:46

    Content type: Research

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  13. Previous research on serum total cholesterol and suicidality has yielded conflicting results. Several studies have reported a link between low serum total cholesterol and suicidality, whereas others have faile...

    Authors: Subin Park, Ki Kyoung Yi, Riji Na, Ahyoung Lim and Jin Pyo Hong

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:45

    Content type: Short paper

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  14. In daily life, we are continuously exposed to temporally regular and irregular sounds. Previous studies have demonstrated that the temporal regularity of sound sequences influences neural activity. However, it...

    Authors: Hidehiko Okamoto, Henning Teismann, Sumru Keceli, Christo Pantev and Ryusuke Kakigi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:44

    Content type: Research

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  15. Abstinence from chronic ethanol consumption leads to the manifestation of a variety of symptoms attributed to central nervous system hyperexcitability, such as increased irritability, anxiety, and restlessness...

    Authors: Jaya Kumar, Hermizi Hapidin, Yvonne-Tee Get Bee and Zalina Ismail

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:43

    Content type: Research

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  16. Poor sleep is common in heart failure (HF), though mechanisms of sleep difficulties are not well understood. Adverse brain changes among regions important for sleep have been demonstrated in patients with HF. ...

    Authors: Michael L Alosco, Adam M Brickman, Mary Beth Spitznagel, Erica Y Griffith, Atul Narkhede, Ronald Cohen, Lawrence H Sweet, Joel Hughes, Jim Rosneck and John Gunstad

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:42

    Content type: Research

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  17. In some clinical cases, bruxism may be correlated to central nervous system hyperexcitability, suggesting that bruxism may represent a subclinical form of dystonia. To examine this hypothesis, we performed an ...

    Authors: Gianni Frisardi, Cesare Iani, Gianfranco Sau, Flavio Frisardi, Carlo Leornadis, Aurea Lumbau, Paolo Enrico, Donatella Sirca, Enrico Maria Staderini and Giacomo Chessa

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:41

    Content type: Research

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  18. Genome-wide significant associations of schizophrenia with eight SNPs in the CNNM2, MIR137, PCGEM1, TRIM26, CSMD1, MMP16, NT5C2 and CCDC68 genes have been identified in a recent mega-analysis of genome-wide assoc...

    Authors: Kazutaka Ohi, Ryota Hashimoto, Hidenaga Yamamori, Yuka Yasuda, Michiko Fujimoto, Satomi Umeda-Yano, Masaki Fukunaga, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Masao Iwase, Hiroaki Kazui and Masatoshi Takeda

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:40

    Content type: Research

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  19. Adolescent social stress is associated with increased incidence of mental illnesses in adulthood that are characterized by deficits in cognitive focus and flexibility. Such enhanced vulnerability may be due to...

    Authors: Andrew M Novick, Leah C Miiller, Gina L Forster and Michael J Watt

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:39

    Content type: Research

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  20. Behavioral effects of stimulant drugs are influenced by non-pharmacological factors, including genetic variability and age. We examined acute and sensitized locomotor effects of methylphenidate in adolescent a...

    Authors: Leora Yetnikoff and Andreas Arvanitogiannis

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:38

    Content type: Short paper

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  21. The lateral entorhinal cortex receives inputs from ventral tegmental area dopamine neurons that are activated by exposure to food-related cues, and exogenously applied dopamine is known to modulate excitatory ...

    Authors: Juliana A Hutter and C Andrew Chapman

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:37

    Content type: Research

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  22. Astragalus is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine and has been proven beneficial for many aspects of human health. It is important to explore the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of astragalus injec...

    Authors: Guangyi Liu, Jinming Song, Yunliang Guo, Tingting Wang and Zhen Zhou

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:36

    Content type: Research

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  23. There is significant interest in the generation of improved assays to clearly identify experimental mice possessing functional vision, a property that could qualify mice for inclusion in behavioral and neurosc...

    Authors: Macarena Gil-Pagés, Robert J Stiles, Christopher A Parks, Steven C Neier, Maja Radulovic, Alfredo Oliveros, Alejandro Ferrer, Brendan K Reed, Katelynn M Wilton and Adam G Schrum

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:35

    Content type: Methodology

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  24. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of major depression. Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a high prevalence of major depression and low levels of BDNF. ...

    Authors: Jian-Xin Zhou, He-Chao Li, Xue-Jun Bai, Bao-Cheng Chang, Chun-Jun Li, Pei Sun and Li-Ming Chen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:34

    Content type: Research

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  25. Although recent studies have clearly demonstrated functional and structural abnormalities in adolescents with internet gaming addiction (IGA), less is known about how IGA affects perfusion in the human brain. ...

    Authors: Qi Feng, Xue Chen, Jinhua Sun, Yan Zhou, Yawen Sun, Weina Ding, Yong Zhang, Zhiguo Zhuang, Jianrong Xu and Yasong Du

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:33

    Content type: Research

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  26. Ramadan fasting and its attendant lifestyle changes induce changes in the circadian rhythm and in associated physiological and metabolic functions. Previous studies that have assessed psychomotor performance d...

    Authors: Ahmed S BaHammam, Samar Nashwan, Omeima Hammad, Munir M Sharif and Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:32

    Content type: Research

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  27. To analyze the correlation between the pharmacotherapy response and the characteristics of the pre-treatment regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

    Authors: Sheng-lin Wen, Mu-hua Cheng, Min-feng Cheng, Ji-hui Yue and Hong Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:31

    Content type: Research

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  28. Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) is the enzyme that metabolizes phenylalanine, an essential amino acid required for catecholamine synthesis. Rare mutations in PAH are causal to phenylketonuria (PKU), an autosomal ...

    Authors: Toshiya Teraishi, Daimei Sasayama, Hiroaki Hori, Noriko Yamamoto, Takashi Fujii, Junko Matsuo, Anna Nagashima, Yukiko Kinoshita, Kotaro Hattori, Miho Ota, Sayaka Fujii and Hiroshi Kunugi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:30

    Content type: Research

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  29. It has been established that the overall performance of associative memory was disproportionately impaired in contrast to item memory in aMCI (Amnestic mild cognitive impairment) patients, but little is known ...

    Authors: Pengyun Wang, Juan Li, Huijie Li and Shouzi Zhang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:29

    Content type: Research

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  30. With the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study at 3 T, we investigated the neural correlates of visualization and verbalization during arithmetic word problem solving. In the domain of ari...

    Authors: Sabrina Zarnhofer, Verena Braunstein, Franz Ebner, Karl Koschutnig, Christa Neuper, Manuel Ninaus, Gernot Reishofer and Anja Ischebeck

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:28

    Content type: Research

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  31. In contrast to olanzapine, ziprasidone has been reported to cause minimal or no weight gain. This study aimed to compare the effects of ziprasidone and olanzapine on weight, body composition, appetite, resting...

    Authors: Subin Park, Ki Kyoung Yi, Min-Seon Kim and Jin Pyo Hong

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. A significant debate surrounds the nature of the cognitive mechanisms involved in non-symbolic number estimation. Several studies have suggested the existence of the same cognitive system for estimation of tim...

    Authors: Christian Agrillo, Laura Piffer and Andrea Adriano

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Chronic stress leads to secretion of the adrenal steroid hormone corticosterone, inducing hippocampal atrophy and dendritic hypertrophy in the rat amygdala. Both alterations have been correlated with memory im...

    Authors: Miguel Á Pérez, Gonzalo Terreros and Alexies Dagnino-Subiabre

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:25

    Content type: Research

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  34. It has been proposed that an inappropriately conditioned fatigue sensation could be one cause of chronic fatigue. Although classical conditioning of the fatigue sensation has been reported in rats, there have ...

    Authors: Akira Ishii, Masaaki Tanaka, Masayoshi Iwamae, Chongsoo Kim, Emi Yamano and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:24

    Content type: Research

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  35. Pain is a subjective sensory and emotional experience, and it has been reported that many different brain regions are regulated by pain, and that pain can impact attention. Acupuncture is an important treatmen...

    Authors: Gang Liu, Hui-juan Ma, Pan-pan Hu, Yang-hua Tian, Shen Hu, Jin Fan and Kai Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:23

    Content type: Research

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  36. In animal models, the impact of social and environmental manipulations on chronic pain have been investigated in short term studies where enrichment was implemented prior to or concurrently with the injury. Th...

    Authors: Pascal Vachon, Magali Millecamps, Lucie Low, Scott J Thompsosn, Floriane Pailleux, Francis Beaudry, Catherine M Bushnell and Laura S Stone

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:22

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Children with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) are thought to have poor imitation abilities. Recently, this characteristic has been suggested to reflect impairments in mirror neuron systems (MNS). We use...

    Authors: Aiko Kajiume, Shiori Aoyama-Setoyama, Yuri Saito-Hori, Nobutsune Ishikawa and Masao Kobayashi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:21

    Content type: Short paper

    Published on:

  38. Intellectual disability (ID) is often associated with behavioral problems or disorders. Mutations in the GRIN2B gene (MRD6, MIM613970) have been identified as a common cause of ID (prevalence of 0.5 – 1% in indiv...

    Authors: Inga Freunscht, Bernt Popp, Rainer Blank, Sabine Endele, Ute Moog, Holger Petri, Eva-Christina Prott, Andre Reis, Jochen Rübo, Bernhard Zabel, Martin Zenker, Johannes Hebebrand and Dagmar Wieczorek

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:20

    Content type: Research

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  39. The cause of almost all cases of Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains unknown. Recent years have seen an explosion in the rate of discovery of genetic defects linked to PD. Different racial and geographical popula...

    Authors: Qilin Ma, Xingkai An, Zhiming Li, Huanjing Zhang, Wenqing Huang, Liangliang Cai, Peng Hu, Qing Lin and Chi-Meng Tzeng

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:19

    Content type: Research

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  40. Most children who are diagnosed with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have moderate-to-severe motor problems using the Motor Function Neurological Assessment battery (MFNU). The MFNU focuses on ...

    Authors: Liv Larsen Stray, Øistein Kristensen, Martha Lomeland, Mette Skorstad, Torstein Stray and Finn Egil Tønnessen

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:18

    Content type: Research

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  41. Activation of GABAB receptors with baclofen into the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) induces ingestion of water and 0.3 M NaCl in fluid replete rats. However, up to now, no study has investigated the effects ...

    Authors: Everton H Kimura, Lisandra B De Oliveira, José V Menani and João C Callera

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:17

    Content type: Research

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  42. Precise levels of specific neurotransmitters are required for appropriate neuronal functioning. The neurotransmitter dopamine is implicated in modulating behaviors, such as cognition, reward and memory. In the...

    Authors: Mahlet Mersha, Rosaria Formisano, Rochelle McDonald, Pratima Pandey, Nektarios Tavernarakis and Singh Harbinder

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:16

    Content type: Short paper

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  43. Previous studies have indicated that the temporal lobe is involved in theory of mind (ToM). However, little attention has been paid to ToM in patients with cerebral infarction. In this study, we investigated t...

    Authors: Chunhua Xi, Youling Zhu, Chunyan Zhu, Daohui Song, Yongguang Wang and Kai Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. In humans, both primary and non-primary motor areas are involved in the control of voluntary movements. However, the dynamics of functional coupling among different motor areas have not been fully clarified ye...

    Authors: Tommaso Bocci, Carlo Moretto, Silvia Tognazzi, Lucia Briscese, Megi Naraci, Letizia Leocani, Franco Mosca, Mauro Ferrari and Ferdinando Sartucci

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Autophagy-mediated self-digestion of cytoplasmic inclusions may be protective against neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, excessive autophagic activation evokes autophagic pro...

    Authors: Nian Xiong, Jing Xiong, Min Jia, Ling Liu, Xiaowei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Jinsha Huang, Zhentao Zhang, Lingling Hou, Zhijian Luo, Devina Ghoorah, Zhicheng Lin and Tao Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Estrogen is believed to play an important role in the central nervous system (CNS) and exert a protective role against schizophrenia. Estrogen receptor alpha (ESRα) mediates the biological action of estrogen. ...

    Authors: Shuai Wang, Wenqiang Li, Jingyuan Zhao, Hongxing Zhang, Yongfeng Yang, Xiujuan Wang, Ge Yang and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:12

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) has consistently been implicated in the pathology of both drug and behavioral addictions. However, no study to date has examined OFC thickness in internet addiction. In the curre...

    Authors: Soon-Beom Hong, Jae-Won Kim, Eun-Jung Choi, Ho-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Eun Suh, Chang-Dai Kim, Paul Klauser, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yűcel, Christos Pantelis and Soon-Hyung Yi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2013 9:11

    Content type: Short paper

    Published on:

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