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  1. Content type: Research

    HIV-1 is a global catastrophe, and is exceedingly prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa. HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder is characterized by symptoms such as motor impairments, a decline in cognition, and beh...

    Authors: Rivona Harricharan, Veneesha Thaver, Vivienne A Russell and William M U Daniels

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:3

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  2. Content type: Research

    Aluminum overload can cause severe brain injury and neurodegeneration. Previous studies suggest that prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) expression and prostacyclin receptor (IP) activation are beneficial for treatme...

    Authors: Yongquan Pan, Lijuan Yu, Wenjuan Lei, Yuanxin Guo, Jianfeng Wang, Huarong Yu, Yong Tang and Junqing Yang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:6

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  3. Content type: Research

    To observe the effects of neuregulin1β (NRG1β) on the level of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2), and explore the therapeutic mechanism of NRG1β on the cognitive dysfunction in rats with chronic omethoate poiso...

    Authors: Lixia Rong, Kun Ding, Meizeng Zhang and Yunliang Guo

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:5

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  4. Content type: Research

    Empirical research on the relationship between linguistic and numerical processing revealed inconsistent results for different levels of cognitive processing (e.g., lexical, semantic) as well as different stim...

    Authors: Dajana Rath, Frank Domahs, Katharina Dressel, Dolores Claros-Salinas, Elise Klein, Klaus Willmes and Helga Krinzinger

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:2

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  5. Content type: Research

    Previous functional MRI (fMRI) studies have demonstrated group differences in brain activity between deceptive and honest responses. The functional connectivity network related to lie-telling remains largely u...

    Authors: Weixiong Jiang, Huasheng Liu, Lingli Zeng, Jian Liao, Hui Shen, Aijing Luo, Dewen Hu and Wei Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:1

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  6. Content type: Research

    Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a promising candidate susceptibility gene for psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. Several previous studies reported th...

    Authors: Yosefu Arime, Ryutaro Fukumura, Ikuo Miura, Kazuyuki Mekada, Atsushi Yoshiki, Shigeharu Wakana, Yoichi Gondo and Kazufumi Akiyama

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:45

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  7. Content type: Research

    Post-adolescence is known to be a period of general maturation and development in the human brain. In brain imaging, volumetric and morphologic cortical grey-matter changes can easily be assessed, but the anal...

    Authors: Anca-Larisa Sandu, Edouard Izard, Karsten Specht, Harald Beneventi, Arvid Lundervold and Martin Ystad

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:44

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  8. Content type: Research

    We aimed to determine whether early parenting is associated with externalizing and internalizing symptoms in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and whether such an association is aff...

    Authors: Subin Park, Bung-Nyun Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Yeon-Kyung Jung, Jin Lee, Min-Sup Shin, Hee Jeong Yoo and Soo-Churl Cho

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:43

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  9. Content type: Research

    Neuroinflammation plays pivotal roles in the progression of cerebral ischemia injury. Prostaglandins (PGs) as the major inflammatory mediators in the brain participate in the pathophysiological processes of ce...

    Authors: Lijuan Yu, Bin Yang, Jia Wang, Lei Zhao, Weinan Luo, Qingsong Jiang and Junqing Yang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:42

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  10. Content type: Short paper

    Learned helplessness has excellent validity as an animal model for depression, but problems in reproducibility limit its use and the high degree of stress involved in the paradigm raises ethical concerns. We t...

    Authors: Sophie Helene Richter, Alexander Sartorius, Peter Gass and Barbara Vollmayr

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:41

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  11. Content type: Research

    To test the retinal dopaminergic hypothesis, which posits deficient blue color perception in ADHD, resulting from hypofunctioning CNS and retinal dopamine, to which blue cones are exquisitely sensitive. Also, ...

    Authors: Soyeon Kim, Mohamed Al-Haj, Samantha Chen, Stuart Fuller, Umesh Jain, Marisa Carrasco and Rosemary Tannock

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:38

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  12. Content type: Research

    It is vital to select and process relevant information while restraining irrelevant information for successful retrieval. When multiple streams of information are concurrently present, the ability to overcome ...

    Authors: Heekyeong Park, Fernando Leal, Cheryl Abellanoza and James D Schaeffer

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:40

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  13. Content type: Research

    To investigate the impact of exogenous covert attention on chromatic (blue and red) and achromatic visual perception in adults with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Exogenous covert...

    Authors: Soyeon Kim, Mohamed Al-Haj, Stuart Fuller, Samantha Chen, Umesh Jain, Marisa Carrasco and Rosemary Tannock

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:39

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  14. Content type: Research

    The aim of the current study was to investigate the utility of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) in the detection of gray matter (GM) alterations in people suffering from Internet Gaming Addiction (IGA).

    Authors: Yawen Sun, Jinhua Sun, Yan Zhou, Weina Ding, Xue Chen, Zhiguo Zhuang, Jianrong Xu and Yasong Du

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:37

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  15. Content type: Research

    A differential contribution of the right and left amygdalae to affective information processing has been proposed. However, the direction of this lateralization has not been confirmed. In this study, we used a...

    Authors: Yen-Ting Chen, Min-Wei Huang, I-Chung Hung, Hsien-Yuan Lane and Chun-Ju Hou

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:36

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  16. Content type: Research

    Obesity induced by antipsychotics severely increases the risk of many diseases and significantly reduces quality of life. Genome Wide Association Studies has identified fat-mass and obesity-associated (FTO) ge...

    Authors: Xueqin Song, Lijuan Pang, Yufang Feng, Xiaoduo Fan, Xue Li, Wei Zhang, Jinsong Gao, Jianjiang Zhang, Katlyn Nemani, Hua Zhang and Luxian Lv

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:35

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  17. Content type: Research

    Evidence for the brain mechanisms recruited when processing concrete versus abstract concepts has been largely derived from studies employing visual stimuli. The tasks and baseline contrasts used have also inv...

    Authors: Tracy Roxbury, Katie McMahon and David A Copland

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:34

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  18. Content type: Research

    The paper explored emotion comprehension in children with regard to facial expression of emotion. The effect of valence and arousal evaluation, of context and of psychophysiological measures was monitored. Ind...

    Authors: Michela Balconi, Maria Elide Vanutelli and Roberta Finocchiaro

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:32

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  19. Content type: Research

    In recent years, there has been a growing interest in Central Auditory Processing Disorder (C)APD. However, the neural correlates of (C)APD are poorly understood. Previous neuroimaging experiments have shown c...

    Authors: Agnieszka Pluta, Tomasz Wolak, Natalia Czajka, Monika Lewandowska, Katarzyna Cieśla, Mateusz Rusiniak, Diana Grudzień and Henryk Skarżyński

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:33

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  20. Content type: Research

    Given that impairment of fear extinction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), effective pharmacological interventions that facilitate fear extinction may provide alt...

    Authors: Li-Li Ji, Lei Tong, Bao-Ku Xu, Chang-Hai Fu, Wan Shu, Jun-Bo Peng and Zhen-Yu Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:28

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  21. Content type: Research

    Dyslexia is a polygenic developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in reading and spelling despite normal intelligence, educational backgrounds and perception. Increasing evidences indicated that dys...

    Authors: Huan Chen, Guoqing Wang, Jiguang Xia, Yuxi Zhou, Yong Gao, Junquan Xu, Michael SY Huen, Wai Ting Siok, Yuyang Jiang, Li Hai Tan and Yimin Sun

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:29

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  22. Content type: Research

    When asked to solve mathematical problems, some people experience anxiety and threat, which can lead to impaired mathematical performance (Curr Dir Psychol Sci 11:181–185, 2002). The present studies investigat...

    Authors: Kinga Morsanyi, Chiara Busdraghi and Caterina Primi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:31

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  23. Content type: Research

    Cholesterol is an essential component of brain and nerve cells and is essential for maintaining the function of the nervous system. Epidemiological studies showed that patients suffering from anxiety disorders...

    Authors: Xu Hu, Tao Wang, Jia Luo, Shan Liang, Wei Li, Xiaoli Wu, Feng Jin and Li Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:30

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  24. Content type: Research

    Acting appropriately within social contexts requires an ability to appreciate others’ mental and emotional states. Indeed, some campaign programs designed to reduce anti-social behaviour seek to elicit empathy...

    Authors: Jana Zelinková, Daniel J Shaw, Radek Mareček, Michal Mikl, Tomáš Urbánek, Darina Havlíčková, Petr Zámečník, Petra Haitová and Milan Brázdil

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:27

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  25. Content type: Research

    Homovanillic acid (HVA), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) are the major monoamine metabolites in the central nervous system (CNS). Their cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...

    Authors: Dimitrios Andreou, Erik Söderman, Tomas Axelsson, Göran C Sedvall, Lars Terenius, Ingrid Agartz and Erik G Jönsson

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:26

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  26. Content type: Research

    It is known that enhancement of sympathetic nerve activity based on a decrease in parasympathetic nerve activity is associated with fatigue induced by mental tasks lasting more than 30 min. However, to measure...

    Authors: Kei Mizuno, Kanako Tajima, Yasuyoshi Watanabe and Hirohiko Kuratsune

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:25

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  27. Content type: Research

    Moderate physical activity improves various cognitive functions, particularly when it is applied simultaneously to the cognitive task. In two psychoneuroendocrinological within-subject experiments, we investig...

    Authors: Maren Schmidt-Kassow, Nadine Zink, Julia Mock, Christian Thiel, Lutz Vogt, Cornelius Abel and Jochen Kaiser

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:24

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  28. Content type: Research

    Previous studies have shown that KIAA0319 is a candidate gene for dyslexia in western populations. In view of the different languages used in Caucasian and Chinese populations, the aim of the present study was to...

    Authors: Cadmon King-Poo Lim, Amabel May-Bo Wong, Connie Suk-Han Ho and Mary Mui-Yee Waye

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:23

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  29. Content type: Research

    Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs, including alpha, beta and gamma subtypes) and their agonists have a protective role in treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases. The present study ...

    Authors: Ying Luo, Qin He, Ge Kuang, Qingsong Jiang and Junqing Yang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:21

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  30. Content type: Research

    Recent studies suggest that Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is an impulse disorder, or is at least related to impulse control disorders. In the present study, we hypothesized that different facets of trait imp...

    Authors: Wei-na Ding, Jin-hua Sun, Ya-wen Sun, Xue Chen, Yan Zhou, Zhi-guo Zhuang, Lei Li, Yong Zhang, Jian-rong Xu and Ya-song Du

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:20

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  31. Content type: Research

    The neural mobilization (NM) technique is a noninvasive method that has been proven to be clinically effective in reducing pain; however, the molecular mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. The aim of ...

    Authors: Fabio Martinez Santos, Leandro Henrique Grecco, Marcelo Gomes Pereira, Mara Evany Oliveira, Priscila Abreu Rocha, Joyce Teixeira Silva, Daniel Oliveira Martins, Elen Haruka Miyabara and Marucia Chacur

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:19

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  32. Content type: Research

    The affective personality trait ‘harm avoidance’ (HA) from Cloninger’s psychobiological personality model determines how an individual deals with emotional stimuli. Emotional stimuli are processed by a neural ...

    Authors: Peter Van Schuerbeek, Chris Baeken, Robert Luypaert, Rudi De Raedt and Johan De Mey

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:18

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  33. Content type: Research

    Methylphenidate is the most commonly used stimulant drug for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Research has found that methylphenidate is a “reinforcer” and that individuals wit...

    Authors: Ike dela Peña, Hee Jin Kim, Aeree Sohn, Bung-Nyun Kim, Doug Hyun Han, Jong Hoon Ryu, Chan Young Shin, Minsoo Noh and Jae Hoon Cheong

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:17

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  34. Content type: Research

    Working memory, inhibition, and expressive language are often impaired in ADHD and many children with ADHD have lower IQ-scores than typically developing children. The aim of this study was to test whether IQ-...

    Authors: Nina Rohrer-Baumgartner, Pål Zeiner, Jens Egeland, Kristin Gustavson, Annette Holth Skogan, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud and Heidi Aase

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:16

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  35. Content type: Research

    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a syndrome with a number of etiologies and different mechanisms that lead to abnormal development. The identification of autism biomarkers in patients with different degrees ...

    Authors: Altaf Alabdali, Laila Al-Ayadhi and Afaf El-Ansary

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:14

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  36. Content type: Research

    Reduced physiological arousal in response to breath-holding affects internal clock processes, leading swimmers to underestimate the time spent under apnea. We investigated whether reduced physiological arousal...

    Authors: Franck Di Rienzo, Nady Hoyek, Christian Collet and Aymeric Guillot

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:15

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  37. Content type: Research

    While Parkinson’s disease (PD) has traditionally been described as a movement disorder, there is growing evidence of disruption in emotion information processing associated with the disease. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Rajamanickam Yuvaraj, Murugappan Murugappan, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohd Iqbal Omar, Kenneth Sundaraj, Khairiyah Mohamad, Ramaswamy Palaniappan, Edgar Mesquita and Marimuthu Satiyan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:12

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  38. Content type: Research

    Human decision-making is often affected by prior selections and their outcomes, even in situations where decisions are independent and outcomes are unpredictable.

    Authors: Guangheng Dong, Xiao Lin, Hongli Zhou and Xiaoxia Du

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:11

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  39. Content type: Research

    Whether listening to background music enhances verbal learning performance is still a matter of dispute. In this study we investigated the influence of vocal and instrumental background music on verbal learning.

    Authors: Lutz Jäncke, Eliane Brügger, Moritz Brummer, Stephanie Scherrer and Nsreen Alahmadi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:10

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  40. Content type: Research

    One form of meditation intervention, the integrative body-mind training (IBMT) has been shown to improve attention, reduce stress and change self-reports of mood. In this paper we examine whether short-term IB...

    Authors: Xiaoqian Ding, Yi-Yuan Tang, Rongxiang Tang and Michael I Posner

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:9

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  41. Content type: Research

    Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) often present with apathy symptoms resembling the decreased motivation observed in depressed patients. Therefore, differentiating the initial phase of AD from late life d...

    Authors: Hisashi Kito, Akiko Ryokawa, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Daimei Sasayama, Nobuhiro Sugiyama, Tomomi Ogihara, Takehiko Yasaki, Tetsuya Hagiwara, Shin Inuzuka, Tohru Takahashi, Hirokazu Genno, Hiroshi Nose, Tokiji Hanihara, Shinsuke Washizuka and Naoji Amano

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:8

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  42. Content type: Research

    Neurodegenerative diseases remain a significant unresolved societal burden afflicting millions of people worldwide. Neurons in the brain are highly sensitive to oxidative stress, which can be induced by metal ...

    Authors: Lijuan Yu, Rong Jiang, Qiang Su, Huarong Yu and Junqing Yang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:6

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  43. Content type: Research

    Previous studies have found that the processing of repeated targets are easier than that of non-repetition. Although several theories attempt to explain this issue, the underlying mechanism still remains uncov...

    Authors: Guangheng Dong, Hongli Zhou, Xiao Lin, Yanbo Hu and Qilin Lu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:4

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  44. Content type: Research

    Forced swimming test (FST) is an animal model which evaluates behavioral despair and the effect of antidepressants such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; the FST modifies the expression of some r...

    Authors: Rosa-Elena Ulloa, Aliyeri Díaz-Valderrama, Jaime Herrera-Pérez, Martha León-Olea and Lucía Martínez-Mota

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:3

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  45. Content type: Research

    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder affecting 3-5% of children. Although ADHD is highly heritable, environmental factors like exposure during early development to various t...

    Authors: Espen Borgå Johansen, Frode Fonnum, Per L Lausund, S Ivar Walaas, Nora Elise Bærland, Grete Wøien and Terje Sagvolden

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2014 10:1

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