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  1. Content type: Research

    Whereas acute nicotine administration alters brain function which may, in turn, contribute to enhanced attention and performance, chronic cigarette smoking is linked with regional brain atrophy and poorer cogn...

    Authors: Matthew T. Sutherland, Michael C. Riedel, Jessica S. Flannery, Julio A. Yanes, Peter T. Fox, Elliot A. Stein and Angela R. Laird

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:16

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  2. Content type: Review

    We enjoy a sophisticated understanding of how animals learn to predict appetitive outcomes and direct their behaviour accordingly. This encompasses well-defined learning algorithms and details of how these mig...

    Authors: Kevin Lloyd and Peter Dayan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:15

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  3. Content type: Research

    Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is widely used as a food additive and is a major water disinfection by-product. The present study reports the side effects of KBrO3 administration on the brain functions and behaviour of...

    Authors: Jamaan Ajarem, Naif G. Altoom, Ahmed A. Allam, Saleh N. Maodaa, Mostafa A. Abdel- Maksoud and Billy KC. Chow

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:14

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  4. Content type: Research

    Cumulating evidence has shown a close correlation between electroacupuncture stimulation (EAS) frequency-specific analgesic effect and central opioid peptides. However, the actions of hippocampal acetylcholine...

    Authors: Shu Ping Chen, Yu Kan, Jian Liang Zhang, Jun Ying Wang, Yong Hui Gao, Li Na Qiao, Xiu Mei Feng, Ya Xia Yan and Jun Ling Liu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:13

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  5. Content type: Research

    Optimal stimulation theory and moderate brain arousal (MBA) model hypothesize that extra-task stimulation (e.g. white noise) could improve cognitive functions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity d...

    Authors: Simon Baijot, Hichem Slama, Göran Söderlund, Bernard Dan, Paul Deltenre, Cécile Colin and Nicolas Deconinck

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:11

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  6. Content type: Research

    Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSCs)-based therapy seems to be a promising treatment for acute lung injury, but the therapeutic effects of BMSCs transplantation on acute lung injury induced by brain ische...

    Authors: Qin-qin He, Xiang He, Yan-ping Wang, Yu Zou, Qing-jie Xia, Liu-Lin Xiong, Chao-zhi Luo, Xiao-song Hu, Jia Liu and Ting-hua Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:9

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  7. Content type: Research

    Histone acetylation is regulated in response to stress and plays an important role in learning and memory. Chronic stress is known to deteriorate cognition, whereas acute stress facilitates memory formation. H...

    Authors: Akemi Uwaya, Hyunjin Lee, Jonghyuk Park, Hosung Lee, Junko Muto, Sanae Nakajima, Shigeo Ohta and Toshio Mikami

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:8

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  8. Content type: Research

    Anxieties, such as shyness, noise phobia and separation anxiety, are common but poorly understood behavioural problems in domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. Although studies have demonstrated genetic and environmen...

    Authors: Jenni Puurunen, Katriina Tiira, Marko Lehtonen, Kati Hanhineva and Hannes Lohi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:7

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  9. Content type: Research

    Parsley was employed as an experimental probe to prevent the behavioral, biochemical and morphological changes in the brain tissue of the albino mice following chronic cadmium (Cd) administration.

    Authors: Saleh N. Maodaa, Ahmed A. Allam, Jamaan Ajarem, Mostafa A. Abdel-Maksoud, Gadah I. Al-Basher and Zun Yao Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:6

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  10. Content type: Research

    In the present study, the role of gonadectomy on memory impairment and the density of androgen receptor-immunoreactive neurons in rats’ hippocampus as well as the ability of testosterone to compensate of memo...

    Authors: Sajjad Moghadami, Mehrdad Jahanshahi, Hamid Sepehri and Hossein Amini

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:5

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  11. Content type: Review

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a broad spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by three central behavioral symptoms: impaired social interaction, impaired social communication, and res...

    Authors: Hyopil Kim, Chae-Seok Lim and Bong-Kiun Kaang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:3

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  12. Content type: Research

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a strong genetic component. The study is aimed to test the association of 34 polymorphisms with ADHD symptomatology considering the role of clinical subtypes...

    Authors: Clara I. Gomez-Sanchez, Rosa Riveiro-Alvarez, Victor Soto-Insuga, Maria Rodrigo, Pilar Tirado-Requero, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernandez, Francisco Abad-Santos, Juan J. Carballo, Rafael Dal-Ré and Carmen Ayuso

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:2

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  13. Content type: Research

    A large group of young children are exposed to repetitive middle ear infections but the effects of the fluctuating hearing sensations on immature central auditory system are not fully understood. The present s...

    Authors: Sini Haapala, Elina Niemitalo-Haapola, Antti Raappana, Tiia Kujala, Kalervo Suominen, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo and Teija Kujala

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:1

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  14. Content type: Research

    To evaluate the feasibility of focal cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (FCIR) surgery combined chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to simulate the post-stroke depression (PSD) state in rats.

    Authors: Lingchuan Niu, LiXinhao Jin, Yanhong Zhang, Bing Liu and Changqing Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:39

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:4

  15. Content type: Research

    HIV-1 Tat protein is implicated in HIV-neuropathogenesis. Tat C31S polymorphism (TatCS) has been associated with milder neuropathology in vitro and in animal models but this has not been addressed in a cohort of ...

    Authors: Jasmeen Dara, Anna Dow, Elizabeth Cromwell, Christa Buckheit Sturdevant, Macpherson Mallewa, Ronald Swanstrom, Annelies Van Rie and Vinayaka R. Prasad

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:38

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  16. Content type: Research

    Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has become an increasing mental health problem worldwide. Decreased resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) between the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumben...

    Authors: Jin-Tao Zhang, Shan-Shan Ma, Sarah W. Yip, Ling-Jiao Wang, Chao Chen, Chao-Gan Yan, Lu Liu, Ben Liu, Lin-Yuan Deng, Qin-Xue Liu and Xiao-Yi Fang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:37

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  17. Content type: Research

    The essential amino acid tryptophan is catabolised mainly through the kynurenine pathway. Altered circulating levels of kynurenines have been reported in chronic inflammatory conditions and in several neuropsy...

    Authors: Tore Ivar Malmei Aarsland, Elisabeth Toverud Landaas, Tor-Arne Hegvik, Arve Ulvik, Anne Halmøy, Per Magne Ueland and Jan Haavik

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:36

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  18. Content type: Research

    Fatigue, defined as difficulty initiating or sustaining voluntary activities, can be classified as physical or mental. In this study, we use magnetoencephalography (MEG) to quantify the effect of physical fati...

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:35

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  19. Content type: Research

    Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are crucial signaling molecules that direct the development of the vertebrate brain. FGF8 gene signaling in particular, may be important for the development of the hypothalamus...

    Authors: Karla M. Rodriguez, Erica L. Stevenson, Courtney E. Stewart, Megan L. Linscott and Wilson C. J. Chung

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:34

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  20. Content type: Review

    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have shown that many different genetic variants cumulatively contribute to the risk of psychiatric disorders. It has also been demonstrated that various parent-of-origin e...

    Authors: Tetyana Zayats, Stefan Johansson and Jan Haavik

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:33

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  21. Content type: Research

    A third of ischemic stroke cases have no traditional underlying causes such as hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, obesity, or age. Moreover, thirty to forty percent of strokes occur during or acutely aft...

    Authors: Danielle N. Doll, Elizabeth B. Engler-Chiurazzi, Sara E. Lewis, Heng Hu, Ashley E. Kerr, Xuefang Ren and James W. Simpkins

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:32

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  22. Content type: Research

    Gait is a complex process involving both cognitive and sensory ability and is strongly impacted by the environment. In this paper, we propose to study of the impact of a cognitive task during gait on the cereb...

    Authors: Arthur Gatouillat, Héloïse Bleton, Jessie VanSwearingen, Subashan Perera, Scott Thompson, Traci Smith and Ervin Sejdić

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:29

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  23. Content type: Research

    To investigate the effects of microglia/macrophages activation induced by intrastriatal thrombin injection on dentate gyrus neurogenesis and spatial memory ability in mice.

    Authors: Yuan Yang, Meikui Zhang, Xiaoni Kang, Chen Jiang, Huan Zhang, Pei Wang and Jingjing Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:30

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  24. Content type: Research

    High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was observed to be an important extracellular mediator involved in vascular inflammation associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study is of interest to examine th...

    Authors: Chih-Zen Chang, Shu-Chuan Wu, Aij-Lie Kwan and Chih-Lung Lin

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:28

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  25. Content type: Short paper

    Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a polymerizing agent used in plastic bottles and several routinely used consumer items. It is classified among endocrine disrupting chemicals suspected to cause adverse health effects in m...

    Authors: Mahlet D. Mersha, Bansri M. Patel, Dipen Patel, Brittany N. Richardson and Harbinder S. Dhillon

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:27

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  26. Content type: Review

    Electromagnetic therapy is a non-invasive and safe approach for the management of several pathological conditions including neurodegenerative diseases. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative pathology caus...

    Authors: Maria Vadalà, Annamaria Vallelunga, Lucia Palmieri, Beniamino Palmieri, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina and Tommaso Iannitti

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:26

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  27. Content type: Research

    HIV-infected individuals continue to experience neurocognitive deterioration despite virologically successful treatments. The causes of neurocognitive impairment are still unclear. However, several factors ha...

    Authors: Karina Villalba, Jessy G. Devieux, Rhonda Rosenberg and Jean Lud Cadet

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:25

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  28. Content type: Research

    Diabetes accelerates memory dysfunction in a continuous, slowly pathological process. Studies suggest that the time course of certain biomarkers can characterize the pathological course of the disease to provi...

    Authors: You Zhou, Ying Zhao, Hailong Xie, Yan Wang, Lin Liu and Xinjia Yan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:24

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  29. Content type: Research

    The present study analyzes the development of ERPs related to the process of selecting targets based on their novelty.

    Authors: María Ángeles Rojas-Benjumea, Ana María Sauqué-Poggio, Catarina I. Barriga-Paulino, Elena I. Rodríguez-Martínez and Carlos M. Gómez

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:22

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  30. Content type: Research

    ADHD and alcoholism are psychiatric diseases with pathophysiology related to dopamine system. DAT1 belongs to the SLC6 family of transporters and is involved in the regulation of extracellular dopamine levels....

    Authors: Omar Šerý, Ivo Paclt, Ivana Drtílková, Pavel Theiner, Marta Kopečková, Petr Zvolský and Vladimir J. Balcar

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:21

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  31. Content type: Research

    Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is associated with cognitive deficits and dysregulated motivation. Reinforcement improves cognitive performance, often to a greater degree among children with ADHD comp...

    Authors: Whitney D Fosco, Larry W Hawk Jr., Keri S Rosch and Michelle G Bubnik

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:20

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  32. Content type: Research

    The present study was designed to study anxiolytic property of methanolic extracts of Urtica urens; an important and commonly used for its medicinal properties belongs to urticaceae family.

    Authors: Zouhra Doukkali, Khalid Taghzouti, EL Houcine Bouidida, Mohamed Nadjmouddine, Yahya Cherrah and Katim Alaoui

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:19

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  33. Content type: Research

    Recent studies with younger adults have shown that performance feedback can serve as a reward, and it elicits reward-related brain activations. This study investigated whether performance feedback is processed...

    Authors: Barbara Drueke, Lydia Weichert, Thomas Forkmann, Verena Mainz, Siegfried Gauggel and Maren Boecker

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:17

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  34. Content type: Research

    Recent research has demonstrated that deficits in basic, self-regulatory processes, or executive function (EF), may be related to symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) already during the ...

    Authors: Annette Holth Skogan, Pål Zeiner, Jens Egeland, Anne-Grethe Urnes, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud and Heidi Aase

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:16

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  35. Content type: Short paper

    Interoception refers to the ability to sense body signals. Two interoceptive dimensions have been recently proposed: (a) interoceptive sensitivity (IS) –objective accuracy in detecting internal bodily sensatio...

    Authors: Adrián Yoris, Sol Esteves, Blas Couto, Margherita Melloni, Rafael Kichic, Marcelo Cetkovich, Roberto Favaloro, Jason Moser, Facundo Manes, Agustin Ibanez and Lucas Sedeño

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:14

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  36. Content type: Research

    Piper nigrum L. (Piperaceae) is employed in traditional medicine of many countries as analgesic, antiinflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antidepressant and cognitive-enhancing agent. Thi...

    Authors: Lucian Hritcu, Jaurès A Noumedem, Oana Cioanca, Monica Hancianu, Paula Postu and Marius Mihasan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:13

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  37. Content type: Research

    In autoimmune disorders, the underlying pathogenic mechanism is the formation of antigen-antibody complexes which trigger an inflammatory response by inducing the infiltration of neutrophils. Epithelial cell-d...

    Authors: Gehan Ahmed Mostafa and Laila Yousef AL-Ayadhi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:11

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  38. Content type: Research

    The objective of the study was to examine several polymorphisms in DISC1 and CTNX3 genes as possible risk factors in schizophrenia. DISC1 (disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1) has been studied extensively in relation to...

    Authors: Omar Šerý, Jan Lochman, Jana Povová, Vladimír Janout, Jiří Plesník and Vladimir J Balcar

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:10

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  39. Content type: Research

    Recent evidence suggests that persistent pain and recurrent pain are due to the pain memory which is related to the phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (p-CREB) in anterior cingulate corte...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Xiao-mei Shao, Fang Fang, Zui Shen, Yuan-yuan Wu and Jian-qiao Fang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:9

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  40. Content type: Research

    Acute and chronic brain damages including neurodegenerative diseases are a group of neuroinflammation-associated diseases characterized by cognitive function defect and progressive neuron loss. The pathophysio...

    Authors: Hong Wang, Mengliang Ye, Lijuan Yu, Jianfeng Wang, Yuanxin Guo, Wenjuan Lei and Junqing Yang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:8

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  41. Content type: Research

    Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is associated with pathological changes in the central nervous system (CNS) and alterations in oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to determine whether dietary supplement with wh...

    Authors: Jamaan Ajarem, Ahmed A Allam, Hossam Ebaid, Saleh N Maodaa, Sanad M AL-Sobeai, Ahmed M Rady, Ali Metwalli, Naif G Altoom, Khaled Elfakki Ibrahim and Mohammad I Sabri

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:7

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  42. Content type: Research

    Gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations are common in autistic children. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and carnitine are anti-inflammatory molecules and their deficiency may result in GI inflammation. The r...

    Authors: Gehan A Mostafa and Laila Y AL-Ayadhi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:4

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