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  1. Content type: Research

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent and multifactorial neuropsychiatric disorder in the human population worldwide. Complex etiology and clinical heterogeneity have challenged the re...

    Authors: Jenni Puurunen, Sini Sulkama, Katriina Tiira, Cesar Araujo, Marko Lehtonen, Kati Hanhineva and Hannes Lohi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:27

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  2. Content type: Research

    Changes of resting brain activities after visual food stimulation might affect the feeling of pleasure in eating food in daily life and spontaneous appetitive motives. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to i...

    Authors: Takahiro Yoshikawa, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Yoko Yamano and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:26

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  3. Content type: Research

    To reduce the number of patients with depression, biomarkers for clarifying psychiatric disorders are warranted. Numerous candidates have been proposed; however, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with multi-ch...

    Authors: Shinya Kinoshita, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Hiroki Kikuyama and Hiroshi Yoneda

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:25

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  4. Content type: Research

    We investigated whether variation in the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) and tri-dimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ) scores could be used to aid adjustment of daily methadone requirements of heroin addic...

    Authors: Min-Wei Huang, Tai-An Chiang, Pei-Yu Lo and Ching-Shan Huang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:24

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  5. Content type: Research

    Heroin addiction is a growing concern, affecting the socioeconomic development of many countries. Little is known about transgenerational effects on phenotype changes due to heroin addiction. This study aims t...

    Authors: Mohd Zaki Farah Naquiah, Richard Johari James, Suraya Suratman, Lian Shien Lee, Mohd Izhar Mohd Hafidz, Mohd Zaki Salleh and Lay Kek Teh

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:23

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  6. Content type: Research

    Cancer diagnosis is associated with an increased suicide risk, particularly within the first 1 year after diagnosis of cancer. Abnormal function of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis has been implicated i...

    Authors: Subin Park, Jin Pyo Hong, Jong-Keuk Lee, Young-Mi Park, Yangsoon Park, Juri Jeon, Myeong Hee Ahn and Se Chang Yoon

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:22

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  7. Content type: Research

    Epilepsy is a disease of neurological character. Approximately one third of epileptic patients demonstrate a drug-resistant phenotype, which is associated with the development of drug-resistant epilepsy. The m...

    Authors: Mariusz Stasiołek, Hanna Romanowicz, Katarzyna Połatyńska, Maciej Chamielec, Dominik Skalski, Marianna Makowska and Beata Smolarz

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:21

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  8. Content type: Research

    As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15 to 47 % (Clarke et al. in Epilepsia 46:1970–1977, 2005), it is speculated that there is a special relationship between the two...

    Authors: Chanyoung Ko, Namwook Kim, Eunjoo Kim, Dong Ho Song and Keun-Ah Cheon

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:20

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  9. Content type: Research

    Brain function in schizophrenia has been probed using saccade paradigms and functional magnetic resonance imaging, but little information exists about how changing task context impacts saccade related brain ac...

    Authors: A. L. Rodrigue, B. P. Austin, K. A. Dyckman and J. E. McDowell

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:19

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  10. Content type: Research

    Developmental stress has been hypothesised to interact with genetic predisposition to increase the risk of developing substance use disorders. Here we have investigated the effects of maternal separation-induc...

    Authors: Jacqueline S. Womersley, Bafokeng Mpeta, Jacqueline J. Dimatelis, Lauriston A. Kellaway, Dan J. Stein and Vivienne A. Russell

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:18

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  11. Content type: Review

    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in nervous system development and function and it is well established that BDNF is involved in the pathogenesis of a wide range of psychiatric d...

    Authors: Galina Y. Zheleznyakova, Hao Cao and Helgi B. Schiöth

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:17

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  12. Content type: Research

    Whereas acute nicotine administration alters brain function which may, in turn, contribute to enhanced attention and performance, chronic cigarette smoking is linked with regional brain atrophy and poorer cogn...

    Authors: Matthew T. Sutherland, Michael C. Riedel, Jessica S. Flannery, Julio A. Yanes, Peter T. Fox, Elliot A. Stein and Angela R. Laird

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:16

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  13. Content type: Review

    We enjoy a sophisticated understanding of how animals learn to predict appetitive outcomes and direct their behaviour accordingly. This encompasses well-defined learning algorithms and details of how these mig...

    Authors: Kevin Lloyd and Peter Dayan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:15

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  14. Content type: Research

    Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is widely used as a food additive and is a major water disinfection by-product. The present study reports the side effects of KBrO3 administration on the brain functions and behaviour of...

    Authors: Jamaan Ajarem, Naif G. Altoom, Ahmed A. Allam, Saleh N. Maodaa, Mostafa A. Abdel- Maksoud and Billy KC. Chow

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:14

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  15. Content type: Research

    Cumulating evidence has shown a close correlation between electroacupuncture stimulation (EAS) frequency-specific analgesic effect and central opioid peptides. However, the actions of hippocampal acetylcholine...

    Authors: Shu Ping Chen, Yu Kan, Jian Liang Zhang, Jun Ying Wang, Yong Hui Gao, Li Na Qiao, Xiu Mei Feng, Ya Xia Yan and Jun Ling Liu

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:13

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  16. Content type: Research

    Optimal stimulation theory and moderate brain arousal (MBA) model hypothesize that extra-task stimulation (e.g. white noise) could improve cognitive functions of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity d...

    Authors: Simon Baijot, Hichem Slama, Göran Söderlund, Bernard Dan, Paul Deltenre, Cécile Colin and Nicolas Deconinck

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:11

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  17. Content type: Research

    Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSCs)-based therapy seems to be a promising treatment for acute lung injury, but the therapeutic effects of BMSCs transplantation on acute lung injury induced by brain ische...

    Authors: Qin-qin He, Xiang He, Yan-ping Wang, Yu Zou, Qing-jie Xia, Liu-Lin Xiong, Chao-zhi Luo, Xiao-song Hu, Jia Liu and Ting-hua Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:9

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  18. Content type: Research

    Histone acetylation is regulated in response to stress and plays an important role in learning and memory. Chronic stress is known to deteriorate cognition, whereas acute stress facilitates memory formation. H...

    Authors: Akemi Uwaya, Hyunjin Lee, Jonghyuk Park, Hosung Lee, Junko Muto, Sanae Nakajima, Shigeo Ohta and Toshio Mikami

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:8

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  19. Content type: Research

    Anxieties, such as shyness, noise phobia and separation anxiety, are common but poorly understood behavioural problems in domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. Although studies have demonstrated genetic and environmen...

    Authors: Jenni Puurunen, Katriina Tiira, Marko Lehtonen, Kati Hanhineva and Hannes Lohi

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:7

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  20. Content type: Research

    Parsley was employed as an experimental probe to prevent the behavioral, biochemical and morphological changes in the brain tissue of the albino mice following chronic cadmium (Cd) administration.

    Authors: Saleh N. Maodaa, Ahmed A. Allam, Jamaan Ajarem, Mostafa A. Abdel-Maksoud, Gadah I. Al-Basher and Zun Yao Wang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:6

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  21. Content type: Research

    In the present study, the role of gonadectomy on memory impairment and the density of androgen receptor-immunoreactive neurons in rats’ hippocampus as well as the ability of testosterone to compensate of memo...

    Authors: Sajjad Moghadami, Mehrdad Jahanshahi, Hamid Sepehri and Hossein Amini

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:5

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  22. Content type: Review

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a broad spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by three central behavioral symptoms: impaired social interaction, impaired social communication, and res...

    Authors: Hyopil Kim, Chae-Seok Lim and Bong-Kiun Kaang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:3

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  23. Content type: Research

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a strong genetic component. The study is aimed to test the association of 34 polymorphisms with ADHD symptomatology considering the role of clinical subtypes...

    Authors: Clara I. Gomez-Sanchez, Rosa Riveiro-Alvarez, Victor Soto-Insuga, Maria Rodrigo, Pilar Tirado-Requero, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernandez, Francisco Abad-Santos, Juan J. Carballo, Rafael Dal-Ré and Carmen Ayuso

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:2

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  24. Content type: Research

    A large group of young children are exposed to repetitive middle ear infections but the effects of the fluctuating hearing sensations on immature central auditory system are not fully understood. The present s...

    Authors: Sini Haapala, Elina Niemitalo-Haapola, Antti Raappana, Tiia Kujala, Kalervo Suominen, Eira Jansson-Verkasalo and Teija Kujala

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:1

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  25. Content type: Research

    To evaluate the feasibility of focal cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (FCIR) surgery combined chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to simulate the post-stroke depression (PSD) state in rats.

    Authors: Lingchuan Niu, LiXinhao Jin, Yanhong Zhang, Bing Liu and Changqing Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:39

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Behavioral and Brain Functions 2016 12:4

  26. Content type: Research

    HIV-1 Tat protein is implicated in HIV-neuropathogenesis. Tat C31S polymorphism (TatCS) has been associated with milder neuropathology in vitro and in animal models but this has not been addressed in a cohort of ...

    Authors: Jasmeen Dara, Anna Dow, Elizabeth Cromwell, Christa Buckheit Sturdevant, Macpherson Mallewa, Ronald Swanstrom, Annelies Van Rie and Vinayaka R. Prasad

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:38

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  27. Content type: Research

    Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has become an increasing mental health problem worldwide. Decreased resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) between the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumben...

    Authors: Jin-Tao Zhang, Shan-Shan Ma, Sarah W. Yip, Ling-Jiao Wang, Chao Chen, Chao-Gan Yan, Lu Liu, Ben Liu, Lin-Yuan Deng, Qin-Xue Liu and Xiao-Yi Fang

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:37

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  28. Content type: Research

    The essential amino acid tryptophan is catabolised mainly through the kynurenine pathway. Altered circulating levels of kynurenines have been reported in chronic inflammatory conditions and in several neuropsy...

    Authors: Tore Ivar Malmei Aarsland, Elisabeth Toverud Landaas, Tor-Arne Hegvik, Arve Ulvik, Anne Halmøy, Per Magne Ueland and Jan Haavik

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:36

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  29. Content type: Research

    Fatigue, defined as difficulty initiating or sustaining voluntary activities, can be classified as physical or mental. In this study, we use magnetoencephalography (MEG) to quantify the effect of physical fati...

    Authors: Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii and Yasuyoshi Watanabe

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:35

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  30. Content type: Research

    Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are crucial signaling molecules that direct the development of the vertebrate brain. FGF8 gene signaling in particular, may be important for the development of the hypothalamus...

    Authors: Karla M. Rodriguez, Erica L. Stevenson, Courtney E. Stewart, Megan L. Linscott and Wilson C. J. Chung

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:34

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  31. Content type: Review

    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have shown that many different genetic variants cumulatively contribute to the risk of psychiatric disorders. It has also been demonstrated that various parent-of-origin e...

    Authors: Tetyana Zayats, Stefan Johansson and Jan Haavik

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:33

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  32. Content type: Research

    A third of ischemic stroke cases have no traditional underlying causes such as hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, obesity, or age. Moreover, thirty to forty percent of strokes occur during or acutely aft...

    Authors: Danielle N. Doll, Elizabeth B. Engler-Chiurazzi, Sara E. Lewis, Heng Hu, Ashley E. Kerr, Xuefang Ren and James W. Simpkins

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:32

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  33. Content type: Research

    To investigate the effects of microglia/macrophages activation induced by intrastriatal thrombin injection on dentate gyrus neurogenesis and spatial memory ability in mice.

    Authors: Yuan Yang, Meikui Zhang, Xiaoni Kang, Chen Jiang, Huan Zhang, Pei Wang and Jingjing Li

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:30

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  34. Content type: Research

    Gait is a complex process involving both cognitive and sensory ability and is strongly impacted by the environment. In this paper, we propose to study of the impact of a cognitive task during gait on the cereb...

    Authors: Arthur Gatouillat, Héloïse Bleton, Jessie VanSwearingen, Subashan Perera, Scott Thompson, Traci Smith and Ervin Sejdić

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:29

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  35. Content type: Research

    High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was observed to be an important extracellular mediator involved in vascular inflammation associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study is of interest to examine th...

    Authors: Chih-Zen Chang, Shu-Chuan Wu, Aij-Lie Kwan and Chih-Lung Lin

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:28

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  36. Content type: Short paper

    Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a polymerizing agent used in plastic bottles and several routinely used consumer items. It is classified among endocrine disrupting chemicals suspected to cause adverse health effects in m...

    Authors: Mahlet D. Mersha, Bansri M. Patel, Dipen Patel, Brittany N. Richardson and Harbinder S. Dhillon

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:27

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  37. Content type: Review

    Electromagnetic therapy is a non-invasive and safe approach for the management of several pathological conditions including neurodegenerative diseases. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative pathology caus...

    Authors: Maria Vadalà, Annamaria Vallelunga, Lucia Palmieri, Beniamino Palmieri, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina and Tommaso Iannitti

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:26

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  38. Content type: Research

    HIV-infected individuals continue to experience neurocognitive deterioration despite virologically successful treatments. The causes of neurocognitive impairment are still unclear. However, several factors ha...

    Authors: Karina Villalba, Jessy G. Devieux, Rhonda Rosenberg and Jean Lud Cadet

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:25

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  39. Content type: Research

    Diabetes accelerates memory dysfunction in a continuous, slowly pathological process. Studies suggest that the time course of certain biomarkers can characterize the pathological course of the disease to provi...

    Authors: You Zhou, Ying Zhao, Hailong Xie, Yan Wang, Lin Liu and Xinjia Yan

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:24

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  40. Content type: Research

    The present study analyzes the development of ERPs related to the process of selecting targets based on their novelty.

    Authors: María Ángeles Rojas-Benjumea, Ana María Sauqué-Poggio, Catarina I. Barriga-Paulino, Elena I. Rodríguez-Martínez and Carlos M. Gómez

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:22

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  41. Content type: Research

    ADHD and alcoholism are psychiatric diseases with pathophysiology related to dopamine system. DAT1 belongs to the SLC6 family of transporters and is involved in the regulation of extracellular dopamine levels....

    Authors: Omar Šerý, Ivo Paclt, Ivana Drtílková, Pavel Theiner, Marta Kopečková, Petr Zvolský and Vladimir J. Balcar

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:21

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  42. Content type: Research

    Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is associated with cognitive deficits and dysregulated motivation. Reinforcement improves cognitive performance, often to a greater degree among children with ADHD comp...

    Authors: Whitney D Fosco, Larry W Hawk Jr., Keri S Rosch and Michelle G Bubnik

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:20

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  43. Content type: Research

    The present study was designed to study anxiolytic property of methanolic extracts of Urtica urens; an important and commonly used for its medicinal properties belongs to urticaceae family.

    Authors: Zouhra Doukkali, Khalid Taghzouti, EL Houcine Bouidida, Mohamed Nadjmouddine, Yahya Cherrah and Katim Alaoui

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:19

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  44. Content type: Research

    Recent studies with younger adults have shown that performance feedback can serve as a reward, and it elicits reward-related brain activations. This study investigated whether performance feedback is processed...

    Authors: Barbara Drueke, Lydia Weichert, Thomas Forkmann, Verena Mainz, Siegfried Gauggel and Maren Boecker

    Citation: Behavioral and Brain Functions 2015 11:17

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